It is said that John Lederer
In 1717 a little
band of Germans left their homeland to make their way to Pennsylvania.
A storm drove them south and they landed in Virginia.
They were sold by the Captain of the ship to pay for their
transportation and were bought by Governor Spottswood
as indentured servants.
They were settled on the southside of the Rapidan River near germana in
what is now Orange Co. Among them
were Michael Clore
. (Zimmerman was the
After Spotsylvania County was formed, the white settlers began to move into the present Madison Co. Spotsylvania was formed in 1721. Orange Co. in 1734. Culpepper in 1748 and Madison Co. in 1792.[iii]
NOTE: From an
internet posting: John Carpenter
, immigrant from Bavaria
About 1804 an Englishman visited Madison and reported that there were about 10 houses in the village. [iv]
The original town of Madison goes from the Carpenter’s Tavern lot - North to the George H. Allen lot. In 1818 and addition was made to the town that ran from the Carpenter’s Tavern to Elenner Millbank’s property. [v]
Old post office - Bright wood
The second Lutheran congregation was Mt. Nelio Church.
Members came to the area about 1860.
The membership included Philip Lohr
and Catherine Lohr
The second Lutheran congregation was Mt. Nelio Church. Members came to the area about 1860. The membership included Philip Lohr and Catherine Lohr . [vii]
From the Civil War Muster roll of Madison Co - we find the following: [viii]
James H. Carpenter
James O. Carpenter
John A. Carpenter
John W. Carpenter
Wm. P. Carpenter
G.F. (Tip) Carpenter
Hiram J. Carpenter
John T. Carpenter
T.P. Carpenter (1st Sgt. 1864)
Thomas Carpenter (Co. K 7th Va Infantry)
Co. S. 10th VA Infantry reorganized fall 1862[x]:
Mt. Calary Church was formed in 1893. The first clerk was James Carpenter . [xi]
[I think papa’s mother Elizabeth Carpenter , who married papa’s father and passed away when she was young, had a brother Marcellus. I seem to remember Papa and Aunt Fannie Robinson Cook (Newton Cook ) talking about Uncle Marselle Carpenter . Elizabeth Carpenter Robinson ’s sister brought up the children. William Henry Carpenter , Horace Carpenter , Ed Carpenter (moved to southern state), Fannie Carpenter , Molly Lohr . Papa had an Aunt Julia who passed away at our house on the farm at Orange when I was about 8 or 9 years old I think.][xii]
The following Carpenter are given as reference, at this point in time, as I can not directly tie them to the know Carpenter ancestors of this family.
William Carpenter, Sr. Served during the Revolutionary War. He was at Yorktown when Cornwallis surrendered. [xiii]
Madison Co was a part of Orange Co. from 1734 to 1748. The first Court in Orange Jan 1734 one of the justices was Benjamin Cane . [xv]
On the first jury in Orange was William Carpenter. The first Court was held at Mr. William Robertson ’s house on Black Walnut Run in 1734. [xvi]
Patents from Spotsylvania include one:
Patents from Spotsylvania include one:
In 1795. 42,700
acres which belonged to Col. James Barbour
were surveyed by Henry Wylord
. It was known as the "Big
Survey” among landowners who
received land from this big survey was William
Carpenter 300 acres. At court
William Carpenter, Sr. Had a son:
Reverend William Carpenter, Jr.
, son of William Carpenter, Sr.
, b. 20 May 1762, Madison Co., VA. He
served during the Revolutionary War. He
was at Yorktown when Cornwallis surrendered.
He was the pastor of the Hebron Lutheran Church for 26 years.
He was the first pastor to hold services in
served during the
served in the Revolutionary War.
served in the Revolutionary War.
Henry Carpenter had a grist mill near Radiant in early 1800’s. The cane mill was built by Cornelius Mill . In 1796 on White Oak Run later known as Crigler. [xxiii]
The known Carpenter ancestors of this family are:
1. Unknown Carpenter
2. Aunt Jane Carpenter , m. Mr. Weaver
1. Unknown Carpenter.
Slaves owned by “Grandpa (Unknown) Carpenter”
Rozelta, b. 1 Jun 1830 Lucy Catherine, b. 15 Mar 1854
Cordelia, b. 1 Feb 1838 Lucy Columbia, b. 28 Jul 1854
Oliver, b. 15 Nov 1845 Salina Ann, b. 7 Jan 1856
Emily May , b. 1846 Andrew Jackson, b. 22 Apr 1861
John Harrison, b. 1 Jun 1848 Mary Jane Alice, b. 13 Nov 1858
Moneda Adelia, b. 1 Jul 1848 Major Lee, b. 17 Nov 1863
Flemuel, b. Oct 1850 Ellen, b. 14 Feb 1863
Anglas Blakey, b. 22 May 1852
Unknown Carpenter had seven (7) children:
William Henry Carpenter
, b. 10 Oct 1837. He had a
daughter Molly Carpenter
and a son named Lucien Carpenter
1.2. Elisabeth F. Carpenter , b. 10 Oct 1840, Madison Co., VA
1.3. Horace Carpenter , b. 18 May 1843
1.4. James Marcella Carpenter , b. 26 Dec 1843. A Marcella Carpenter is found serving in Co. S. 10th VA Infantry in 1862. He had a son Darden Carpenter .
1.5. George Albert Carpenter , b. 28 Mar 1847. He had ten (10) children of whom: Jonas Carpenter , Othelia Carpenter , Mary Dona Carpenter , Heber Carpenter
1.6. Jonas Newton Carpenter , b. 17 Apr 1852; bur at Rochelle, old burying ground; m 1st Jane Weaver (daughter of Jane (Carpenter) Weaver , sister of husband’s father). His home was near Route 29 at Rochelle, Madison Co., VA. He owned the Carpenter homeplace. He lived there.
1.7. Julia Carpenter , d. at Robinson Farm, near Orange Co., VA
2. Jane Carpenter , m. _____ Weaver. Unknown & Jane (Carpenter) Weaver had a daughter:
2.1. Jane Weaver , m. Jonas Newton Carpenter , son of Unknown Carpenter, b. 17 Apr 1852
1.1. William Henry Carpenter , son of Unknown Carpenter, b. 10 Oct 1837. William Henry Carpenter had two (2) children:
1.1.1. Molly Carpenter
1.1.2. Lucien Carpenter
1.2. Elizabeth F. Carpenter , daughter of Unknown Carpenter, b. 10 Oct 1840, Madison Co., VA.; m. probably Madison Co., VA to John J. Robinson , son of William M. & Elisabeth (Sively) Robinson. John & Elizabeth (Carpenter) Robinson had five (5) children:
1.2.1. William Henry Robinson , b. 6 Jun 1861; d. 5 Jul 1913
1.2.2. Frances “Aunt Fanny” Robinson , b. 12 Sept 1871; d. Madison Co., VA; will in Madison Co., VA Courthouse; bur. Madison Co., VA; m. Calvin Cook .
1.2.3. George Horace Robinson , b. 6 Feb 1863; d. 1910-1919, Orange Co., VA in Courthouse Town; m. Ella Newman .
1.2.4. Frank Robinson , went to Louisiana
1.2.5. Mary “Molly” E. Robinson , b. 3 Aug 1865; m. John Lohr .
1.2.6. James Edward Robinson , b. 24 Feb 1868. He went to Louisiana to make a living.
1.4. James Marcella Carpenter , son of Unknown Carpenter, b. 26 Dec 1843. A Marcella Carpenter is found serving in Co. S. 10th VA Infantry in 1862. James Marcella Carpenter had a (1) son:
1.4.1. Darden Carpenter .
1.5. George Albert Carpenter , son of Unknown Carpenter, b. 28 Mar 1847. George Albert Carpenter had ten (10) children:
1.5.1. Jonas Carpenter
1.5.2. Othelia Carpenter
1.5.3. Mary Dona Carpenter
1.5.4. Heber Carpenter
1.6. Jonas Newton Carpenter , son of Unknown Carpenter, b. 17 Apr 1852; bur at Rochelle, old burying ground; m 1st Jane Weaver (daughter of Jane (Carpenter) Weaver , sister of husband’s father). His home was near Route 29 at Rochelle, Madison Co., VA. He owned the Carpenter homeplace. He lived there.
[xii] Note from Elisabeth Robinson Cowne