CARPENTER

Zimmerman

  Information from "Windows Into Our Past A Genealogy of the Cowne, Gough & Associated Families, Volume 2", compiled by Judy Parsons Smith © 1998.

It is said that John Lederer  a German physician, hired by Governor Berkeley  was the first settler to reach Madison.  He started from the Chickahominy Indian Village at the falls of the Pomunkey River and followed the river.  He started March 9, 16 69[i]

In 1717 a  little band of Germans left their homeland to make their way to Pennsylvania.  A storm drove them south and they landed in Virginia.  They were sold by the Captain of the ship to pay for their transportation and were bought by Governor Spottswood  as indentured servants.  They were settled on the southside of the Rapidan River near germana in what is now Orange Co.  Among them were Michael Clore  and Christopher Zimmerman .  (Zimmerman was the German name for Carpenter).  The Reverend Casper Stoever  was first pastor of the congregation of German Lutherans stated they were from Alsace, the Palatinate, and surrounding areas.  Tradition has preserved some of the following names as the first settlers in what is now Madison Co. - Aylor, Carpenter, Zimmerman, Clore, Weaver.  It seems to be about 1724-1726. [ii]

After Spotsylvania County was formed, the white settlers began to move into the present Madison Co.  Spotsylvania was formed in 1721.  Orange Co. in 1734. Culpepper in 1748 and Madison Co. in 1792.[iii]

NOTE:  From an internet posting:  John Carpenter , immigrant from Bavaria Germany , originally used the surname Zimmerman.  He was naturalized in Orange Co., VA in 1743.

About 1804 an Englishman visited Madison and reported that there were about 10 houses in the village. [iv]

The original town of Madison goes from the Carpenter’s Tavern lot - North to the George H. Allen  lot.  In 1818 and addition was made to the town that ran from the Carpenter’s Tavern to Elenner Millbank’s property. [v]

Old post office - Bright wood March 6, 18 55
Pratts, Nov 13, 18 83 Radiant March 18, 18 85, Rochelle Mar 25, 18 54 - Shelby 1892.  Uno (formerly Kindom Come) 1891[vi]

The second Lutheran congregation was Mt. Nelio Church.  Members came to the area about 1860.  The membership included Philip Lohr  and Catherine Lohr . [vii] 

From the Civil War Muster roll of Madison Co  - we find the following: [viii]

A.W. Carpenter
C.G. Carpenter
H.I. Carpenter
James H. Carpenter
James O. Carpenter
John A. Carpenter
John W. Carpenter
R.F. Carpenter
W.B. Carpenter
A.H. Carpenter
H.B. Carpenter
R.B. Carpenter
Wm. P. Carpenter
A.F. Carpenter
G.F. (Tip) Carpenter
Henry Carpenter
Hiram J. Carpenter
Howard Carpenter
J.S. Carpenter
John Carpenter
John T. Carpenter
O.P. Carpenter
T.P. Carpenter  (1st Sgt. 1864)
Thomas Carpenter   (Co. K 7th Va Infantry)

Mustered April 23, 18 61 at Madison Court House -[ix]

A.J. Carpenter
H.T. Carpenter
Horace Carpenter
Jerry Carpenter
Robert Carpenter

Co. S. 10th VA Infantry reorganized fall 1862[x]:

A.J. Carpenter
Howard Carpenter
Marcellus Carpenter

Mt. Calary Church was formed in 1893.  The first clerk was James Carpenter . [xi]

[I think papa’s mother Elizabeth Carpenter , who married papa’s father and passed away when she was young, had a brother Marcellus.  I seem to remember Papa and Aunt Fannie Robinson Cook  (Newton Cook ) talking about Uncle Marselle Carpenter .  Elizabeth Carpenter Robinson ’s sister brought up the children.  William Henry Carpenter , Horace Carpenter , Ed Carpenter  (moved to southern state), Fannie Carpenter , Molly Lohr .  Papa had an Aunt Julia who passed away at our house on the farm at Orange when I was about 8 or 9 years old I think.][xii]

The following Carpenter are given as reference, at this point in time, as I can not directly tie them to the know Carpenter ancestors of this family.


William Carpenter, Sr.

William Carpenter, Sr.  Served during the Revolutionary War.  He was at Yorktown when Cornwallis surrendered. [xiii]

On September 28, 17 28 William Carpenter patented land.  Later John Carpenter  patented land.  The earliest settlements in Madison were made while Madison was still a part of Spotsylvania Co and the first deeds were recorded in Spotsylvania Co. [xiv]

Madison Co was a part of Orange Co. from 1734 to 1748.  The first Court in Orange Jan 1734 one of the justices was Benjamin Cane . [xv]

On the first jury in Orange was William Carpenter.  The first Court was held at Mr. William Robertson ’s house on Black Walnut Run in 1734. [xvi]

Patents from Spotsylvania include one:

December 4, 17 73 William Carpenter to Michael Cook  and Michael Smith , trustees of the German Church.  This is now certainly in Madison Co. [xvii]

In 1795.  42,700 acres which belonged to Col. James Barbour  were surveyed by Henry Wylord .  It was known as the "Big Survey”  among landowners who received land from this big survey was William Carpenter 300 acres.  At court on Jun 27, 17 93 the building of a courthouse was considered.  They decided land belonging to William Carpenter known as Finnell’s old field was most suitable.  It was part of a patent originally granted to the German Settlers by Alexander Spottswod.  The courthouse was made of logs, 42 ft long and 24 ft wide.  3 rooms with fireplaces in 2 rooms cost 181 pounds English money.  Used 34 years until replaced by brick buildings still in use.  The town of Madison was part of a purchase of 420 acres that William Carpenter made in May 21, 17 81[xviii]

William Carpenter, Sr.  Had a son:

Reverend William Carpenter, Jr.

Reverend William Carpenter, Jr. , son of William Carpenter, Sr. , b. 20 May 1762, Madison Co., VA.  He served during the Revolutionary War.  He was at Yorktown when Cornwallis surrendered.  He was the pastor of the Hebron Lutheran Church for 26 years.  He was the first pastor to hold services in English .  During his years as pastor he baptized 865 people and the church real estate increased to 628 acres.  He is reported to be the last pastor of Hebron to wear knee breeches and buckled shoes.  He moved his ministry in 1813 to Kentucky, where he became the pastor of Hopeful Lutheran Church, where he served until his death. [xix]

Andrew Carpenter

Andrew Carpenter  served during the French and Indian War.  When the Mt. Zion Baptist Church was organized in ca. 1833, Andrew Carpenter was among those in the congregation. [xx]

Samuel Carpenter

Samuel Carpenter  served in the Revolutionary War. [xxi]

Cornelius Carpenter

Cornelius Carpenter  served in the Revolutionary War. [xxii]

Henry Carpenter

Henry Carpenter  had a grist mill near Radiant in early 1800’s.  The cane mill was built by Cornelius Mill . In 1796 on White Oak Run later known as Crigler. [xxiii]


The known Carpenter ancestors of this family are:

1.    Unknown Carpenter
2.   
Aunt Jane Carpenter , m. Mr. Weaver

Unknown Carpenter

1.  Unknown Carpenter.

Slaves owned by “Grandpa (Unknown) Carpenter”

Rozelta, b. 1 Jun 1830                                         Lucy Catherine, b. 15 Mar 1854
Cordelia, b. 1 Feb 1838                                      Lucy Columbia, b. 28 Jul 1854
Oliver, b. 15 Nov 1845                                       Salina Ann, b. 7 Jan 1856
Emily May , b. 1846                                            Andrew Jackson, b. 22 Apr 1861
John Harrison, b. 1 Jun 1848                               Mary Jane Alice, b. 13 Nov 1858
Moneda Adelia, b. 1 Jul 1848                              Major Lee, b. 17 Nov 1863
Flemuel, b. Oct 1850                                           Ellen, b. 14 Feb 1863
Anglas Blakey, b. 22 May 1852

Unknown Carpenter had seven (7) children:

1.1.      William Henry Carpenter , b. 10 Oct 1837.  He had a daughter Molly Carpenter  and a son named Lucien Carpenter .
1.2.      Elisabeth F. Carpenter , b. 10 Oct 1840, Madison Co., VA
1.3.      Horace Carpenter , b. 18 May 1843
1.4.      James Marcella Carpenter , b. 26 Dec 1843. A Marcella Carpenter is found serving in Co. S. 10th VA Infantry in 1862.  He had a son Darden Carpenter .
1.5.      George Albert Carpenter , b. 28 Mar 1847.  He had ten (10) children of whom:  Jonas Carpenter , Othelia Carpenter , Mary Dona Carpenter , Heber Carpenter
1.6.      Jonas Newton Carpenter , b. 17 Apr 1852; bur at Rochelle, old burying ground; m 1st Jane Weaver  (daughter of Jane (Carpenter) Weaver , sister of husband’s father).  His home was near Route 29 at Rochelle, Madison Co., VA.  He owned the Carpenter homeplace.  He lived there.
1.7.      Julia Carpenter , d. at Robinson Farm, near Orange Co., VA

Jane Carpenter

2.  Jane Carpenter , m. _____ Weaver.  Unknown & Jane (Carpenter) Weaver  had a daughter:

2.1.        Jane Weaver , m. Jonas Newton Carpenter , son of Unknown Carpenter, b. 17 Apr 1852

William Henry Carpenter

1.1.  William Henry Carpenter , son of Unknown Carpenter, b. 10 Oct 1837.  William Henry Carpenter had two (2) children:

1.1.1.         Molly Carpenter
1.1.2.         Lucien Carpenter

Elisabeth F. Carpenter

1.2.  Elizabeth F. Carpenter , daughter of Unknown Carpenter, b. 10 Oct 1840, Madison Co., VA.; m. probably Madison Co., VA  to John J. Robinson , son of William M. & Elisabeth (Sively) Robinson.  John & Elizabeth (Carpenter) Robinson had five (5) children:

1.2.1.      William Henry Robinson , b. 6 Jun 1861; d. 5 Jul 1913
1.2.2.      Frances “Aunt Fanny” Robinson , b. 12 Sept 1871; d. Madison Co., VA; will in Madison Co., VA Courthouse; bur. Madison Co., VA; m. Calvin Cook .
1.2.3.      George Horace Robinson , b. 6 Feb 1863; d. 1910-1919, Orange Co., VA in Courthouse Town; m. Ella Newman .
1.2.4.     Frank Robinson , went to Louisiana
1.2.5.      Mary “Molly” E. Robinson , b. 3 Aug 1865; m. John Lohr .
1.2.6.       James Edward Robinson , b. 24 Feb 1868.  He went to Louisiana to make a living.

James Marcella Carpenter

1.4.  James Marcella Carpenter , son of Unknown Carpenter, b. 26 Dec 1843. A Marcella Carpenter is found serving in Co. S. 10th VA Infantry in 1862.  James Marcella Carpenter had a (1) son:

1.4.1.         Darden Carpenter .

George Albert Carpenter

1.5.  George Albert Carpenter , son of Unknown Carpenter, b. 28 Mar 1847.  George Albert Carpenter had ten (10) children:

1.5.1.         Jonas Carpenter
1.5.2.         Othelia Carpenter
1.5.3.         Mary Dona Carpenter
1.5.4.         Heber Carpenter
1.5.5.         child
1.5.6.         child
1.5.7.         child
1.5.8.         child
1.5.9.         child
1.5.10.     child

Jonas Newton Carpenter

1.6.  Jonas Newton Carpenter , son of Unknown Carpenter, b. 17 Apr 1852; bur at Rochelle, old burying ground; m 1st Jane Weaver  (daughter of Jane (Carpenter) Weaver , sister of husband’s father).  His home was near Route 29 at Rochelle, Madison Co., VA.  He owned the Carpenter homeplace.  He lived there.


[i] March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[ii]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[iii]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[iv]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[v]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[vi]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[vii]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[viii]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[ix]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[x]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[xi]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[xii]
Note from Elisabeth Robinson  Cowne
[xiii] March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[xiv]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[xv]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[xvi]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[xvii]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[xviii]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[xix]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[xx]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[xxi]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[xxii]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977.
[xxiii]
March 24, 1979 - Some notes taken from the book “Madison County History”, by Margaret G. Davis., published by the Board of Supervisors of Madison Co., VA 1977