Bonded Passengers to
There was a 1718 Act, which Mabe would have been shipped under. It leased to
Some historical gleanings[iii]:
Most indentured servants went to either
There were over 50,000 deportations to the colonies. The few
attempts to send prisoners after the revolution did not work out which led to
the shipments to
F Those sent essentially ended up as slave labor on plantations.
F Those shipped were from jails, whorehouses, or were "undeserving poor or unprotected children."
They were sent in shackles and sold upon arrival often for tobacco
which filled the ships on the way back to
F The customary term of service in 1720 was seven years. It cost about 4 pounds to transport a prisoner and they sold for ten pounds for unskilled labor and 25 pounds for craftsmen so it was a highly profitable, if dangerous business.
F Perhaps 14 percent died in transit. Transportation was considered to be a very harsh penalty. There were those who chose death over a second transportation.
He was tried in
(Right page - Heading in Latin translates as Hereford in the sixth year
of the current reign 1719/20)
"Williamus Mabe . . .for burglary in the dwelling house of Richard Williams the 24th day of November last at Mitch Dewchurch & stealing a pair of Bootes value 10s. two Bridles value 4d two Garths value 6d a crupper value 1d five shirts value 4d a Little Bagg & two pieces of Linnen value 2d from the said Richard Williams."
(Left page, bottom half - Several others were tried and received the same sentence. There is a lengthy note on the arrangements for the transportation of the convicts.)
"Whereas Hannah Bates the wife of William Bates late of Ross in the County of Hereford soldier, William Smith late of Ledbury in the same county labourer, Amy Hyett late of Eaton in the county of Hereford spinster & William Mabe late of Much Dewchurch in the same county labourer were severall convicted at the Assizes and General Gaol delivery of Grand Larceny for which they are lyable to the punishment of Burning in the hand This Court doth therefore order that the said Hannah Bates William Smith Amy Hyet and William Mabe be transported and sent as soon as conveniently maybe for the Term of Seven yeares to some of his Majesties Colonies and Plantations in America according to a late Act of parliament made in the fourth year of his Majesties reign for the further Preventing of Robbery Burglary and other Felonyes and for the more effectual Transportation of Felons etc And it is further ordered by this court that Thomas Mulso the younger Esquire Richard Hancox and Thomas Pickering Gentlemen or the Survivors or Survivor of them be the persons appointed to make contacts with some other person or persons for the effectual transporting of the said Hannah Bates William Smith Amy Hyet & William Mabe for the said Terme of Seven yeares and to take Security for the performance of such transportation from the person or persons with whom such contract or contracts shall be made and to report the same to this court now held or to be held at the next or any other Assizes or general Gaol delivery to be approved of by the said court in order to trensfer and make over the said Hannah Bates William Smith Amy Hyet and William Mabe to the use of such contractor or contractors, pursuant to the Act of Parliament aforesaid."
be deported to the
states for punishment for a crime and then be granted 240 acres of land by the
King of England – Patents No. 18, 1738 –1739????
no. 18, 1738-1739, Reel 16, P. 155, 156)[v]
204 Acres: George Second by the God of Great Britain,
(This line at fifty-five poles crosses the aforesaid branch), and thence north fifty nine degrees west three hundred and sixty eight poles to the beginning. With all woods, underwood, swamps, marshes, longrounds, meadows, treedings, and his due share of all veins, mines, and quarries as well discovered and not discovered within the bounds of foresaid and being part of the said quantity of two hundred and four acres of land, and the rivers, watercourses therein contained together with the privileges of hunting, hawking, fishing, fowling, and all other profits commodities and heredftament whatsoever to the same, or any part thereof belonging, in all wise assertaining to have, hold, possess, and enjoy the said Tract or parcel of land, and all others before granted premises, and every part thereof with this and every of their assurts unto the said William Mabe his heirs and assigns forever to be held of
307 State of North Carolina
Stokes County County April 2nd
Known all men
for their presence a bargain and sell to William
the following propert my one steed
colt, and my stock of hogs and cattle my household furniture consisting of beds
bed clothes ------ -----
and all my cooking utensils together with my cupboard and its contents consisting of plates, knives and forks and also wheat meal and some corn I have on hand and all my farming utensils also my sheep, together with all the personal property I know possess account being foreclosed by the said William Mabe Sen . The term of one hundred and fifty to me.
The will of William Mabe was probated in 1762. The will was dated 13 December 1756. The will gave 40 acres to each son.
Book No. 2-1752-1785 P 123, 124)
In ye name of God and
on December 13th, 1756, I, William Maib
, of ye County of Louise, being very
sick and weak in body, but of perfect mind and memory, Thanks be given to God,
therefore calling unto mind ye mortality of my body and knowing it is appointed
for all men to die, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament. That is
to say, principally and first of all, I give and commend my soul unto the hands
of Almighty God that first gave it to me, and my body I commend to the earth to
be buried in a decent Christian burial at the discretion of my Executors nothing
doubting, but at the general resurrection I shall receive ye same again by the
Mightly Power and or Touching such Worldly Estate-where with it has pleased God
o bless me in this life, I give, demise, and dispose of the same in the
following manner and for, First I give and bequeath to
Elizabeth, My dearly beloved Wife, a a bay horse and bay mare, and
all my personal Estate during life of widowhood and after death to be equally
divided amongst my children. Also I give unto my son
John forty acres of Land at the upper and joining David Meriwether's
Line, also I give my Son William forty
acres of Land joining to his, Also I give my Son Robert forty acres of Land
joining to his. Also my son Phillip forty
acres of Land joining to Him. Also my son Charles
forty acres where my dwelling plantation is. If any of these my Sons should die
without heirs then my part of the Land to be equally divided amonst the other
surviving ones. I also constitute, make, and ordain Elizabeth,
my Dearly Beloved wife, and Samuel Mundy
of this my last will and testament.
I witness whereof I have set my hand and Seal the Day and Year written.
William & Elizabeth (Powell) Mabe had children:
Charles M. Mabe
, b. 1735, Albemarle Co., VA; d. 1803; m. Lydia Nash
5.2. Philip R. Mabe , b. 1738, Albemarle Co., VA.
5.3. John Mabe , b. ca.1738, Albemarle Co., VA; d. 20 Sept 1808, Danbury, Stokes Co., NC; m. to Nannie Unknown .
5.4. Robert Mabe , Sr. , b. 1740, Albemarle Co., VA; d. bet 1820-1830, Stokes Co., NC.
5.5. William Mabe , Jr. , b. 1743, Albemarle Co., VA
5.1. Charles M. Mabe, son of William & Elizabeth (Unknown ) Mabe , b. 1735, Albemarle Co., VA; d. 1803; m. Lydia Nash .
Charles M. & Lydia (Nash) Mabe had five (5) children:
, m. 30 May 1804, Albemarle Co., VA to James Watson
5.1.2. Polly Mabe, m. 25 Apr 1806, Albemarle Co., VA to Edward Herndon .
5.1.3. Sarah Mabe , m. 12 Aug 1816, Henry Co., VA to David Mason
5.1.4. William Mabe , b. 25 Nov 1786, VA
5.1.5. Reubin Mabe , b. 1798, VA; m. 4 Jan 1821, Henry Co., VA to Nancy Gilley , b. 1794
Descendants of William Mabe
, compiled by James Edward Mabe
, 2309 Parkside Drive, Grand Prairie, TX 75052 (972) 641-4240
[ii] http://genforum.genealogy.com/mabe/messages/262.html Bonded Passengers to America, by Peter Wilson Coldham , 1983
[iii] Bonded Passengers to America, by Peter Wilson Coldham , 1983
[iv] Descendants of William Mabe , compiled by James Edward Mabe , 2309 Parkside Drive, Grand Prairie, TX 75052 (972) 641-4240 BIO126@home.com [http://www.familytreemaker.com/users/m/a/b/James-E-Mabe/BOOK-0001/0002-0001.html] re: trial: Records of the trial of William Mabe were obtained from the Public Record Office in London (the National Archives). They were found in the class of documents that relate to Assize records. The original trial records have not survived, but what has is a class known as "Crown and Gaol Books". These are a running account for each Assize circuit of who was held in the local gaol awaiting trial and what the outcome of the trial was. The book that dealt with 1720 Lent Assize for Oxford was for the Oxford Circuit, not that William Mabe was sent there for trial. He was tried in Hereford, and the gaol book provides the details of his crime.
[v] COPIED from the Mabe Book written by Virginia King and Georgia Maria Thomas