William/Williamus Mabe

5.  William Mabe[i], son of Robert & Mary (Unknown)  Mabe , b. 1688, Bridstow, Herefordshire , England ; bapt. 16 Sept 1688, Bridstow, Herefordshire, England; d. 1762, Albemarle/Hanover Co., VA; m. 19 Jun 1723, Bridstow, Herefordshire, England to Elizabeth Powell , daughter of William & Elizabeth (Unknown) Powel l , bapt 29 Jun 1723, St. Bridget’s Church, Bridstow, Herefordshire, England; d. aft 1772, Albemarle Co., VA.

Bonded Passengers to America , by Peter Wilson Coldham , 1983. It has six volumes with plenty references for research. The ship and captain's name. The Honour left England May,1720, with Richard Langley  as captain with destination York River , VA. William being tried for his crime and deported to the colonies as a plantation servant for his punishment, etc.  I'm still doing research on it and the references myself. I've had the reference for a few months, but didn't fit until I found Jim Mabe 's site with William on it. It has William Mabe  on Vol VI , pg 35 and plenty more info. Check it out for plenty of info and ancestors in England [ii]

William Mabe . The entry in the 1983 edition says Mabe, William of Much Dewchurch S. Lent 1720. This means that William Mabe was sentenced in Lent of 1720 and that there were no records found of his departure or arrival. Much Dewchurch is a parish in south central Herfordshire. There is also a Little Dewchurch nearby. According to the 1844 Topographical Dictionary of England Much Dewchurch then was a 4251-acre, 579 inhabitant parish containing Saddlebrow Hill and crossed by the Ross to Thruxton Road in the upper division of the Hundred of Wormelow, union and county of Hereford, 6 1/2 miles southwest by south from Hereford. It appears to be about 8 miles west of Bridstow and about 30 miles north of Bristol , the port from which convicts from this part of England were shipped to the colonies. I found a list of parish records for England . Much Dewchurch is listed as "deposited original registers: 1558-1893, no I.G.I., and local marriage records from about 1700. Copies of the registers are at Soc.Gen. Bridstow is listed as "deposited original registers 1560-1918; no I.G.I., marriage records beginning about 1758, and copies of registers at Soc. Gen.

There was a 1718 Act, which Mabe would have been shipped under. It leased to Jonathan Forward  signing a long-term contract for a monopoly on shipping prisoners, which lasted for 24 years. The statute allowed offense usually punished by burning the hand or whipping to be punished by transportation for 7 years and for certain capitol offenses to be punished after pardon by transportation for 14 years. Idle persons, age 15 to 21, who were willing, could be transported in exchange for 8 years of labor. Mabe may have be in this age group. The Act also required merchants and ship's captains to contract. Captains were required to obtain certificates of landing from the customs officer at the point of disembarkation. Records for London and the Home Counties survive for 1718 to 1736, however I don't think the author found a disembarkation record involving Mabe. All Assize and Palatinate records are at the Public Record Office, Chancery Lane , London , WC2A1LR. Quarter Session Records are in the county of origin. My guess his record is an Assize or Palatinate record because Coldham included him in the 1983 edition. 

Some historical gleanings[iii]:

F       Most indentured servants went to either Virginia or Maryland , not to Georgia as most people believe and they were sent over the entire colonial histories of these states.

F       There were over 50,000 deportations to the colonies. The few attempts to send prisoners after the revolution did not work out which led to the shipments to Australia starting in the 1780s.

F       Those sent essentially ended up as slave labor on plantations.

F       Those shipped were from jails, whorehouses, or were "undeserving poor or unprotected children."

F       They were sent in shackles and sold upon arrival often for tobacco which filled the ships on the way back to England .

F       The customary term of service in 1720 was seven years. It cost about 4 pounds to transport a prisoner and they sold for ten pounds for unskilled labor and 25 pounds for craftsmen so it was a highly profitable, if dangerous business.

F       Perhaps 14 percent died in transit. Transportation was considered to be a very harsh penalty. There were those who chose death over a second transportation.

He was tried in Hereford , and the gaol book provides details of his crime.

Trial of William Mabe

Translated Record[iv]

(Right page - Heading in Latin translates as Hereford in the sixth year of the current reign 1719/20)

"Williamus Mabe
. . .for burglary in the dwelling house of Richard Williams  the 24th day of November last at Mitch Dewchurch & stealing a pair of Bootes value 10s. two Bridles value 4d two Garths value 6d a crupper value 1d five shirts value 4d a Little Bagg & two pieces of Linnen value 2d from the said Richard Williams."


(Left page, bottom half - Several others were tried and received the same sentence. There is a lengthy note on the arrangements for the transportation of the convicts.)

"Whereas Hannah Bates
 the wife of William Bates  late of Ross in the County of Hereford soldier, William Smith  late of Ledbury in the same county labourer, Amy Hyett  late of Eaton in the county of Hereford spinster & William Mabe  late of Much Dewchurch in the same county labourer were severall convicted at the Assizes and General Gaol delivery of Grand Larceny for which they are lyable to the punishment of Burning in the hand This Court doth therefore order that the said Hannah Bates William Smith Amy Hyet and William Mabe be transported and sent as soon as conveniently maybe for the Term of Seven yeares to some of his Majesties Colonies and Plantations in America according to a late Act of parliament made in the fourth year of his Majesties reign for the further Preventing of Robbery Burglary and other Felonyes and for the more effectual Transportation of Felons etc And it is further ordered by this court that Thomas Mulso  the younger Esquire Richard Hancox  and Thomas Pickering  Gentlemen or the Survivors or Survivor of them be the persons appointed to make contacts with some other person or persons for the effectual transporting of the said Hannah Bates William Smith Amy Hyet & William Mabe for the said Terme of Seven yeares and to take Security for the performance of such transportation from the person or persons with whom such contract or contracts shall be made and to report the same to this court now held or to be held at the next or any other Assizes or general Gaol delivery to be approved of by the said court in order to trensfer and make over the said Hannah Bates William Smith Amy Hyet and William Mabe to the use of such contractor or contractors, pursuant to the Act of Parliament aforesaid."

William Mabe  came to America as bonded passenger in 1720.

William and Elizabeth Mabe  immigrated from ( Cromwell ) England to Albemarle Co., VA in 1738.  He received a land grant from King George II of Great Britain on 1 Feb 1738.  The grant was for 204 acres and was located in Hanover County , Virginia .  To keep the land William had to improve five acres per year.

Why would William Mabe  be deported to the states for punishment for a crime and then be granted 240 acres of land by the King of England – Patents No. 18, 1738 –1739????

GRANT OF 204 ACRES IN HANOVER COUNTY

TO WILLIAM MABE , FEBRUARY 1, 17 38

(Patents no. 18, 1738-1739, Reel 16, P. 155, 156)[v]

Wm. Mabe


204 Acres: George Second by the God of Great Britain, France , and Ireland, King Defender of the Faith or to all to whom these presence shall come, Know ye that for divers go causes and considerations but more especially for, and inconsideration of the sum of twenty shillings of good and careful money for our use paid to our receiver General of our Revenues in this our Colony and Dominion of Virginia, We have given, granted, and confirmed and by these Presents for us our Heirs and successors do give grant by (or) land confirm unto William Mabe
 one certain tract or parcel of land containing two hundred and four acres lying and being in the County of Hanover on both sides of the Wolf Trap branch and bounded as follows with, to wit, beginning at Can's corner with white oak running along his line South five degrees, West one hundred and fifty six poles to three hundred Oaks in the said line (his line at twenty-four poles crosses the said branch), Thence south Seventy-one degrees East two hundred sixty poles to a hickory on the side of the mountain, thence north sixty four degrees east eighty poles to a red oak and hickory.


(This line at fifty-five poles crosses the aforesaid branch), and thence north fifty nine degrees west three hundred and sixty eight poles to the beginning. With all woods, underwood, swamps, marshes, longrounds, meadows, treedings, and his due share of all veins, mines, and quarries as well discovered and not discovered within the bounds of foresaid and being part of the said quantity of two hundred and four acres of land, and the rivers, watercourses therein contained together with the privileges of hunting, hawking, fishing, fowling, and all other profits commodities and heredftament whatsoever to the same, or any part thereof belonging, in all wise assertaining to have, hold, possess, and enjoy the said Tract or parcel of land, and all others before granted premises, and every part thereof with this and every of their assurts unto the said William Mabe
 his heirs and assigns forever to be held of us our heirs of successions as of our Mannor of East Greenwich in the County of Kent in free and common Soccage and not in capile or by Knights service yielding and paying unto us our Heirs and Successors for every fifty acres the free rent of one shilling yearly to be paid upon the Feast of Saint Micel The Arch Angel and also cultivating and improving three acres part of every fifty of the tract above mentioned within three years after the date of these Presence, Provided always that if three years next coming after the date these presence cultivate and improve three acres part of every fifty of the tract above mentioned then the Estate hereby granted shall cease and be utterely determined and thereafter it shall be lawful to and for us our heirs and successors to grant and use the same lands and premises with the assured unto such persons as we our heirs and successors shall think fit. In Witness whereof we have caused these letters patents to be made witness our trusty and well beloved William Gooch  Esquire our Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of our said Colony and Dominion at Willamsburg under the Seal of our Colony the First Day of February 1738. In the twelfth year of our Rein. William Gooch.

Purchase by William Mabe, Sr.

307 State of North Carolina Stokes County County April 2nd

Known all men for their presence a bargain and sell to William Mabe the following propert my one steed colt, and my stock of hogs and cattle my household furniture consisting of beds bed clothes ------ -----
and all my cooking utensils together with my cupboard and its contents consisting of plates, knives and forks and also wheat meal and some corn I have on hand and all my farming utensils also my sheep, together with all the personal property I know possess account being foreclosed by the said William Mabe Sen
. The term of one hundred and fifty to me.


The will of William Mabe
 was probated in 1762.  The will was dated 13 December 1756.  The will gave 40 acres to each son.

Will of William Mabe

Albermarle County, Virginia

Will Book No. 2-1752-1785 P 123, 124)

In ye name of God and on December 13th, 1756, I, William Maib , of ye County of Louise, being very sick and weak in body, but of perfect mind and memory, Thanks be given to God, therefore calling unto mind ye mortality of my body and knowing it is appointed for all men to die, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament. That is to say, principally and first of all, I give and commend my soul unto the hands of Almighty God that first gave it to me, and my body I commend to the earth to be buried in a decent Christian burial at the discretion of my Executors nothing doubting, but at the general resurrection I shall receive ye same again by the Mightly Power and or Touching such Worldly Estate-where with it has pleased God o bless me in this life, I give, demise, and dispose of the same in the following manner and for, First I give and bequeath to Elizabeth, My dearly beloved Wife, a a bay horse and bay mare, and all my personal Estate during life of widowhood and after death to be equally divided amongst my children. Also I give unto my son John forty acres of Land at the upper and joining David Meriwether's Line, also I give my Son William forty acres of Land joining to his, Also I give my Son Robert forty acres of Land joining to his. Also my son Phillip forty acres of Land joining to Him. Also my son Charles forty acres where my dwelling plantation is. If any of these my Sons should die without heirs then my part of the Land to be equally divided amonst the other surviving ones. I also constitute, make, and ordain Elizabeth, my Dearly Beloved wife, and Samuel Mundy  Executors of this my last will and testament.


I witness whereof I have set my hand and Seal the Day and Year written.


Mark
William Mabe

Mark

William & Elizabeth (Powell) Mabe had children:

5.1.   Charles M. Mabe , b. 1735, Albemarle Co., VA; d. 1803; m. Lydia Nash .
5.2.  
Philip R. Mabe , b. 1738, Albemarle Co., VA.
5.3.  
John Mabe , b. ca.1738, Albemarle Co., VA; d. 20 Sept 1808, Danbury, Stokes Co., NC; m. to Nannie Unknown .
5.4.  
Robert Mabe , Sr. , b. 1740, Albemarle Co., VA; d. bet 1820-1830, Stokes Co., NC.
5.5.  
William Mabe , Jr. , b. 1743, Albemarle Co., VA

Charles M. Mabe

5.1.  Charles M. Mabe, son of William & Elizabeth (Unknown )  Mabe , b. 1735, Albemarle Co., VA; d. 1803; m. Lydia Nash .

Charles M. & Lydia (Nash) Mabe had five (5) children:

5.1.1.         Nancy Mabe , m. 30 May 1804, Albemarle Co., VA to James Watson .
5.1.2.        
Polly Mabe, m. 25 Apr 1806, Albemarle Co., VA to Edward Herndon .
5.1.3.        
Sarah Mabe , m. 12 Aug 1816, Henry Co., VA to David Mason  
5.1.4.        
William Mabe , b. 25 Nov 1786, VA
5.1.5.        
Reubin Mabe , b. 1798, VA; m. 4 Jan 1821, Henry Co., VA to Nancy Gilley , b. 1794


[i] Descendants of William Mabe , compiled by James Edward Mabe , 2309 Parkside Drive, Grand Prairie, TX 75052 (972) 641-4240  BIO126@home.com [http://www.familytreemaker.com/users/m/a/b/James-E-Mabe/BOOK-0001/0002-0001.html]
[ii] http://genforum.genealogy.com/mabe/messages/262.html Bonded Passengers to America, by Peter Wilson Coldham , 1983
[iii]
Bonded Passengers to America, by Peter Wilson Coldham , 1983
[iv]
Descendants of William Mabe , compiled by James Edward Mabe , 2309 Parkside Drive, Grand Prairie, TX 75052 (972) 641-4240  BIO126@home.com [http://www.familytreemaker.com/users/m/a/b/James-E-Mabe/BOOK-0001/0002-0001.html]  re: trial:  Records of the trial of William Mabe were obtained from the Public Record Office in London (the National Archives). They were found in the class of documents that relate to Assize records. The original trial records have not survived, but what has is a class known as "Crown and Gaol Books". These are a running account for each Assize circuit of who was held in the local gaol awaiting trial and what the outcome of the trial was. The book that dealt with 1720 Lent Assize for Oxford was for the Oxford Circuit, not that William Mabe was sent there for trial. He was tried in Hereford, and the gaol book provides the details of his crime.
[v]
COPIED from the Mabe Book written by Virginia King and Georgia Maria Thomas