STALCOP/STALKFTA

ANDRES ANDRIESSEN

"Windows Into Our Past A Genealogy of the Garton, Smith & Associated Families, Volume 2", compiled by Judy Parsons Smith © 2003

Andres Andriessen , b. 1585[i]; m. Christina Coolbrandt , b. 1589[ii].  Andres & Christina (Coolbrandt) Andriessen  had a son:

Johan Andersson Stalcop /Stalkofta , b. abt. 1627 in Strangnas, Sodermanland Ian[1], Sweden; d. February 08, 16 85/86 in New Castle Co., DE; m. abt. 1656 in Fort Christina, New Sweden Colony[2] to Christina Carlsdotter Jonsson .

JOHAN ANDERSSON STALCOP/STALKOFTA

i.  Johan Andersson Stalcop /Stalkofta [iii], son of Andres & Christina (Coolbrandt) Andriessen , b. abt. 1627 in Strangnas, Sodermanland Ian, Sweden[3]; d. February 08, 16 85/86 in New Castle Co., DE[iv]; bur. Olde Swedes Burial Ground, Fort Christina, New Sweden Colony (present-day New Castle Co., DE)[v]; m. abt. 1656 in Fort Christina, New Sweden Colony[4] (Present-day Wilmington, DE)[vi] to Christina Carlsdotter Jonsson [vii], daughter of Carl Jonsson , b. abt. 1638 in Finland[viii]; d. May 10, 16 93 in New Castle Co., DE[ix].

Johan Andersson Stalcop /Stalkofta  occupation: Gunner[x].

Christina Carlsdotter Jonsson  arrived in New Sweden (present-day) Delaware aboard the Mercurius in 1656 with her parents, two siblings and a maidservant.

·         About 1640, in Strangnas Sweden, Johan was hired by Mans Kling  to go to New Sweden as a farmhand[xi].
·        
1641-arrived at Ft. Christina (aka New Sweden), Delaware aboard the ship Charitas, from Sweden.
·        
In 7/1641, Johan continued his journey to the colony...when his ship "joined company", with the Kalmar Nyckel [xii].
·        
On 11/7/16 41 he arrived in the new world at Fort Christina[xiii].
·        
On October 1, 16 46 Johan was hired in the capacity of a soldier for Governor Printz [xiv].
·        
In 1654, while in the service of Governor Rising , Johan was promoted to the position of Gunner, an occupation which may have led to his wearing a piece of armor called a breastplate, which probably explains the nickname of "stalkofta" (steel coat, in Swedish ), by which he was usually called in Swedish records[xv].
·        
On 11/7/16 41 he arrived in the new world at Fort Christina. On October 1, 16 46 Johan was hired in the capacity of a soldier for Governor Printz . In 1654, while in the service of Governor Rising , Johan was promoted to the position of Gunner, an occupation which may have led to his wearing a piece of armor called a breastplate, which probably explains the nickname of "stalkofta" (steel coat, in Swedish ), by which he was usually called in Swedish records.
·        
In 1655, in Fort Trefaldighet (Trinity), (present day New Castle, DE) Johan served as a gunner during the Dutch invasion.  He temporarily sent to the Fort to help bolster it's defense. Between 1669 and 10/18/16 69 Johan was a participant in what was called the "Long Finn  Rebellion", for which Long Finn (Marcus Jacobsen ) was whipped, branded, and removed from the colony, and Johan Stalcop paid the largest fine of all the others at 1500 Guilders.
·        
After 1656 in the (Delaware) Swedes colony, under Dutch rule, a farmer and land owner, acquiring land and eventually owning the greater part of the land now occupied by the city of Wilmington, DE[xvi].
·        
On 10/10/16 74, Johan sold one-half of his Christina plantation to Samuel Petersson  & Lars Corneliusson . This was perhaps to recover from the incredibly stiff fine incurred during the Long Finn  Rebellion[xvii].
·        
In 1677, in (present-day New Castle Co., DE) Johan was granted 600 acres on the east side of Red Clay Creek, for himself and 8 children[xviii].
·        
Johan had a will dated 8/29/16 79 and made bequests to his wife, Christina Carlsdotter , and 7 children[xix].
·        
On 2/21/16 82, Johan was naturalized by William Penn [xx].  Johan was an "Andersson", but assumed the name "Stalcop", based on the Swedish word "Stalkofta (Steel Jacket). This was his nickname and referred to the metal armor that soldiers like him, wore[xxi].

DEEDS/PATENTS/QUIT CLAIM/WARRANTS

Wonder if the "eldest son named Auchin”:

John ANDERSON - alias STALCUP. 29 Aug 1679. 20 Jul 1686. A:79 Wife Christina Carlos ; son in law Lucas STIDDOM; eldest son named  Auchin; children viz: Charlos, John, Peter, Mary, Jonas. is the same as the son Andrew mentioned below having been left one of  the two remaining plots of his father's land.

Immanuel (Emanuel) Church , New Castle: Marriage: Philip Vn. Luvenigh  of town of New Castle, saddler, Mary Stallcop  of New Castle County; surety, John Gilbert  of New Castle,  saddler. wit: Richard McWilliam . May 9, 17 50.

Marriage: Israel Stalcop  and Agnus Means , November 21, 17 58.

Baptism: Ann, daughter of Israel and Agnus  Stalcop , February 18, 17 60, aged 1 day

Banns: Ambrose Lunden and Bridget Stalcope  of White Clay Creek, January 6, 17 14-15.

Banns: John Stalcup  and Caty Philzgerald  (Fitzgerald?), April 1769.

"In 1671, two Swedes, Johan Andersson Stalcop  and Dr. Tymen Stidham , had owned between them all the land from the Christina River to the Brandywine, and from the neighborhood of The Rocks [where the Swedes landed near the mouth of the Brandywine in 1638] to Rattlesnake Run [behind current Trolley Square]. Stalcop's land extended North from the Christina; Stidham's south from the Brandywine. Across the Brandywine was the land of Jacob Vandever, a Dutch settler; across the Christina was Long Hook, owned by Jean Paul  Jacquett , and east of Jacquett's land, that of Peter Alrichs ...

Stalcop, who d. before 1685, had granted half of his land to Samuel Peterson  and Lars Cornelison. He willed the remainder in two plots, one each to is wife and son Andrew. Peterson kept his land; Cornelison sold his to Matthias de Foss , who sold it to Charles Pickering . The Pickering tract became the glebe of Old Swedes Church by gift of John Stalcop , Jr.  Later, Peterson's son sold the Peterson land to Andrew Justison .

Tour, Rt. 13, from DE/PA border south: "at 5.8 miles, the highway crosses Shellpot Creek, a tributary of the Brandywine Creek. The name is a corruption from the Swedish Skoldpadde Fallet (Turtle Falls). The first gristmill was erected here soon after 1662 by John Stalcop , aided by other Swedes and Dutchmen. Mills flourished on the stream well into the 18th century. William Penn , writing in 1683, included the lower reaches of "Skilpot" Creek with the Christina, Brandywine, and Schuylkill as each having "room enough to lay up the Royal Navy of England"."

"Among the artist-joiners of that [18th] century...Israel Stalcop  descendant if John (Johan) Anderssen Stalcop , who in the 17th century owned half of the present Wilmington."

Wilmington Reminiscences... published 1851: "Opposite the Almhouse was the estate of Hannah Stalcup , the descendent of a wealthy Swede. She was long deranged and confined to her own house, but at times would make her escape, to the terror of the children. Though mischievous, she was inoffensive compared with Tamar Way. Her [Hannah] paternal inheritance was valuable, and it was supposed that riches caused her insanity, which continued to her death. A part of her property is now owned by Rev. S. M. Gailey , a Presbyterian clergyman, who has a respectable classical school there, and calls his school Mantua[xxiii]."

Johan & Christina (Jonsson) Stalcop /Stalkofta  had eight (8) children:

1.       Anders Johansson Stalcop [xxiv], b. 1656[xxv]; d. aft. 1692[xxvi]; m. Catharina (Unknown ) , b. 1661[xxvii]; d. 1704[xxviii].
2.      
Carl Johansson Stalcop [xxix], b. 1658[xxx]; d. 1692[xxxi]
3.      
Miss Stalcop [xxxii], b. 1660[xxxiii]; d. 1691[xxxiv]; m. bef. 1679[xxxv] to Luof Stedham ; b. 1654[xxxvi]; d. 1704[xxxvii].  Luof & Miss (Stalcop) Stedham  had three children[xxxviii].
4.      
John Johansson Stalcop [xxxix], b. 1662[xl]; d. July 1700[xli]; m. bef. November 15, 16 87[xlii] to Annika Ericksson , b. 1667[xliii].  John was a member of the crane hook congregation[xliv]. He owned 183 acres[xlv]. In 1683, in (present-day) New Castle Co., DE)[xlvi] William Penn  naturalized John[xlvii]. After 1685, John played a large role in the building of Holy Trinity (Old Swedes) Church, by providing some of the land (inherited from his father), where the church is built[xlviii].
5.      
Peter Johansson Stalcop , b. 1663 in Red Clay Creek, Christina Hundred (present-day), DE; d. May 10, 17 10 in New Castle Co., DE; m. Catherina/Katherina Samuelsdotter Peterson  bet. 1683 - 1685 in Fort Christina, New Sweden Colony (Delaware).
6.      
Maria "Mary" Stalcop[xlix], b. 1666[l]; m. abt. 1691 in (present-day) New Castle Co., DE to John Hance Steelman [li].  John Hance & Maria “Mary” (Stalcop) Steelman  had four children[lii].
7.      
Jonas Johansson Stalcop [liii], b. 1669[liv]; d. 1694[lv].
8.      
Child Stalcop [lvi], b. abt. 1671[lvii].

Peter Johansson Stalcop

5.  Peter Johansson Stalcop [lviii], son of Johan Andersson & Christina Carlsdotter (Jonsson) Stalcop/Stalkofta, b. 1663 in Red Clay Creek, Christina Hundred (present-day), DE[lix]; d. May 10, 17 10 in New Castle Co., DE[lx]; m. bet. 1683 - 1685 in Fort Christina, New Sweden Colony (Delaware)[lxi] to Catherina/Katherina Samuelsdotter Peterson , daughter of Samuel & Brita Jonsdotter (Andersson) Petersson , b. 1664 in New Castle Co., DE[lxii]; d. aft. 1731, New Castle Co., DE[lxiii].

bet. 1683-1693, in present-day Christina 100, DE - he settled on the east side of Red Clay Creek[lxiv].
In 1693 Peter was a member of the Crane Hook congregation and had property valued at 100 pounds[lxv].
Bef 1710 Peter operated a large plantation on Red Clay Creek[lxvi]. His will was dated 9/3/17 09 and was probated on 5/16/17 10[lxvii].

Will of Peter Stalcop

Peter Johansson & Catherina/Katherina Samuelsdotter (Peterson) Stalcop  had eight (8) children:

5.1    Christina Stalcop , b. April 19, 16 86 in New Castle Co., DE[lxviii]; d. in Sweden[lxix]; m. 6 Oct 1702, Christiana, New Castle Co., DE[lxx], by Andreas Sandel [lxxi] to Ericus Tobias Bjork , b. 1668 in Koping, Sweden[lxxii]; d. 1740 in Falun, Sweden[lxxiii].
5.2   
Brita "Bridget" Stalcop[lxxiv], b. abt. 1688 in New Castle Co., DE[lxxv]; d. February 14, 17 35/36 in New Castle Co., DE[lxxvi]; m. John Justis /Justasson   November 13, 17 04 in Wilmington, DE[lxxvii].
5.3   
Samuel Stalcop [lxxviii], b. abt. 1690 in New Castle Co., DE[lxxix]; d. in (at a young age)[lxxx].
5.4   
John Peters son Stalcop [lxxxi], b. 1692 in Red Clay Creek, Christina Hundred (present-day), DE[lxxxii]; d. June 24, 17 51 in present-day) Wilmington, DE[lxxxiii]; bur. Aft 24 Jun 1751[lxxxiv], Old Swedes Church, Wilmington, New Castle Co., Delaware; m. 1710[lxxxv], Old Swedes Church, Wilmington, New Castle Co., Delaware to Maria Morton , b. 1695[lxxxvi]; d. 1737[lxxxvii].
5.5   
Maria Stalcop , b. March 15, 16 96/97 in Red Clay Creek, Christina Hundred (present-day), DE; d. November 19, 17 50 in New Castle, DE; m. (1) Johan Cornelius Vanderveer   January 14, 17 13/14 in Wilmington, DE; m. (2) Hans Jurgen Smidt   March 03, 17 19/20 in Fahlun, K, Sweden.
5.6   
Anders "Andrew" Stalcop[lxxxviii], b. abt. 1699 in New Castle Co., DE[lxxxix]; d. bef. 1760[xc]; m. May 07, 17 25, Racoon Creek Ch., Penn's Neck, Salem NJ to Christina Peterson .
5.7   
Margareta Stalcop [xci], b. abt. 1703 in Red Clay Creek, Christina Hundred (present-day), DE[xcii]; d. May 12, 17 42[xciii]; m. November 11, 17 25 in Wilmington, DE[xciv] to Johan "John" Morton/Martensson; b. 1697[xcv].
5.8   
Child Stalcop , b. abt. 1706[xcvi].

Christina Stalcop

5.1. Christina Stalcop , daughter of Peter Johansson & Catherina/Katherina Samuelsdotter (Peterson) Stalcop , b. April 19, 16 86 in New Castle Co., DE[xcvii]; d. in Sweden[xcviii]; m. 6 Oct 1702, Christiana, New Castle Co., DE[xcix], by Andreas Sandel [c] to Ericus Tobias Bjork , b. 1668 in Koping, Sweden[ci]; d. 1740 in Falun, Sweden[cii].

From Sandel's diary[ciii]:

"1702, July the 15th. Came Mag. Biork , with his intended bride, to Mag. Rudman  [at Wicaco]. I did come there too. the 16th. Again I walked from Passajung (Passyunk) to Mag. Rudman in order again to pay my respects to Mag. Biorks  [sic] [and] Mag. Rudman, and I did then escort his sweetheart to show her the town, as she had not seen it before.

Sept. the 20th. Under a heavy rain, I went down to Christina [Old Swedes, Wilmington, DE] to say the banns for Mag. Biork  and his sweetheart, Stina Stallkapp , who afterwards were joined in marriage Oct. 6th. I was very ill in the intervening time...so it was with the very greatest ado I was able to marry them."

Biork himself wrote to the Swedish Resident in London, a letter preserved in the Swedish Royal Archives, to tell of his marriage:

"Especially is my situation much changed in that a good man's child of my congregation, now in her sixteenth year, Kristina Stallcop  by name, has, by her modest ways and unusual proficiency in all things, at length bound my heart unto herself, although she, because of her shyness toward me and my office, did for a time politely decline, but all the more pleased me thereby."

Maria Stalcop

5.5.  Maria Stalcop [civ], daughter of Peter Johansson & Catherina/Katherina Samuelsdotter (Peterson) Stalcop , b. March 15, 16 96/97 in Red Clay Creek, Christina Hundred (present-day), DE[cv]; d. November 19, 17 50 in New Castle, DE[cvi]; m 1st to Mr. Vanderveer, d. bef. 1719.  Maria (Stalcop) Vanderveer  m 2nd March 03, 17 19/20, Fahlun, K, Sweden[cvii] to Hans Jurgen Smidt [cviii], son Petter & Magdalena Hindrichsdotter (Huwalt) Smitt , b. abt. 1692 in Delacarlia, Falun, Sweden[cix]; d. December 27, 17 53 in New Castle Co., DE[cx]; m.

When the Rev. Bjork  was called back to Sweden by the king he was accompanied by his wife, Christina, Maria (Stalcop) Vanderveer  and her husband [his wife’s sister].  While they were in Sweden, Maria (Stalcop) Vanderveer’s husband died.  In the intervening period she met and married as her second husband Han Smidt .  Following their marriage, Han & Maria (Stalcop) Smidt  make the return journey to “New Sweden” (present day Delaware).  Arriving back in New Sweden by late 1720[cxi].  There they raised a family.  Maria is credited by many as being the very first female to have made a round trip across the Atlantic, having first started in North America.

Hans Jurgen & Maria (Stalcop) Smidt  had eight (8) children:

5.5.1.         Peter Smith , b. October 12, 17 20 in New Castle Co., DE[cxii]; d. January 08, 17 46/47 in New Castle Co., DE[cxiii]; m. abt. 1745 in Old Sweedes Church, Wilmington DE[cxiv] to Elizabeth Vanderveer ; b.[cxv].
5.5.2.        
Johan/John Smith , b. December 28, 17 22 in New Castle Co., DE[cxvi]; d. abt. 1753 in New Castle Co., DE[cxvii]; m. 1744, Old Sweedes Church, Wilmington DE [cxviii] to Anna Springer .
5.5.3.        
Tobias Smyth , b. March 16, 17 24/25 in New Castle, DE; d. November 1781 in Washington Co., VA; m. Mary McDonald  abt. 1748 in Augusta Co., VA.  For further information see Smyth/McDonald.
5.5.4.        
Frederic Smith [cxix], b. September 19, 17 27 in New Castle Co., DE[cxx]; d. bef. March 1806 in Montgomery Co., VA[cxxi]; m. (1) Margaret Paulson   March 02, 17 54 in Augusta Co., VA[cxxii]; b.[cxxiii]; m. (2) Margaret Sayers   March 02, 17 54; b. 1737 in PA; d. May 1811.
5.5.5.        
Andreas Smith , b. January 14, 17 30/31 in New Castle Co., DE[cxxiv] (Source); m. Sarah Gregg August 05, 17 55 in Old Sweedes Church, Wilmington DE[cxxv]; b.[cxxvi].  
5.5.6.        
Ericus Smyth , b. May 31, 17 34 in Christiana Hundred, New Castle Co., DE[cxxvii]; d. bef. 1797 in Russell Co., VA[cxxviii]; m. Brigita Anderson   November 22, 17 53 in Old Sweedes Church, Wilmington, DE[cxxix].
5.5.7.        
Jonas Smyth , b. November 21, 17 37 in New Castle Co., DE[cxxx]; d. November 16, 17 40[cxxxi].
5.5.8.        
Maria Smith , b. September 25, 17 40 in New Castle Co., DE[cxxxii]; d. September 1740 in New Castle Co., DE[cxxxiii].


[1] 38 miles west of Stockholm  
[2]
Present-day Wilmington, DE  
[3]
38 miles west of Stockholm  
[4]
Present-day Wilmington, DE  


[i - ii] Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Phyllis Carol ( Rogers ) Brown; 944 Nokomis Ave S Venice FL 34285
[iii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Helen (James) Bingaman 1143 Creek Woods Circle St. Cloud, FL 34772
[iv]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Phyllis Carol (Rogers) Brown 944 Nokomis Ave. S. Venice FL 34285
[v - vii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Robert Brian Stewart stewartr@compuserve.com
[viii]
Phyllis Carol (Rogers) Brown 944 Nokomis Ave. S. Venice FL 34285
[ix]
Helen (James) Bingaman 1143 Creek Woods Circle St. Cloud, FL 34772
[x - xxii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Robert Brian Stewart stewartr@compuserve.com
[xxii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Debbie debra.street@verizon.net
[xxiii]
Reference note:  Earl Jones wrote a number of volumes on the Stalcup family and I'm sure you could find your family there. I have only volume 1 and the index. Send me again who you are looking for and I'll check it out.  Cathy Berger o2bab@bedford.net
[xxiv -
lv] Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Robert Brian Stewart stewartr@compuserve.com
[lvi - lvii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Phyllis Carol (Rogers) Brown 944 Nokomis Ave. S. Venice FL 34285
[lviii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Robert Brian Stewart stewartr@compuserve.com
[lix - lx]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Phyllis Carol ( Rogers ) Brown; 944 Nokomis Ave S Venice FL 34285
[lxi]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Robert Brian Stewart stewartr@compuserve.com
[lxii - lxiii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Helen (James) Bingaman 1143 Creek Woods Circle St. Cloud, FL 34772
[lxiv - lxvii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Robert Brian Stewart stewartr@compuserve.com
[lxviii - lxix]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Phyllis Carol ( Rogers ) Brown; 944 Nokomis Ave S Venice FL 34285
[lxx] Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Hans Ling Lidman.Ling@privat.Utfors.se
[lxxi]
Herr Eric Biork and Christina Stalcop , daughter of Peter Stalcop, were m. on Oct. 6, 17 02 by Andreas Sandel , who had come from Sweden not long before to succeed his friend Andreas Rudman as pastor at Wicaco (Philadelphia).
[lxxii - lxxiii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Hans Ling Lidman.Ling@privat.Utfors.se
[lxxiv - lxxx]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Phyllis Carol (Rogers) Brown 944 Nokomis Ave. S. Venice FL 34285
[lxxxi - lxxxvii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Robert Brian Stewart stewartr@compuserve.com
[lxxxviii -
lxxxix] Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Phyllis Carol (Rogers) Brown 944 Nokomis Ave. S. Venice FL 34285
[xc]
Phyllis Carol (Rogers) Brown 944 Nokomis Ave. S. Venice FL 34285
[xci -
xcii] Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Robert Brian Stewart stewartr@compuserve.com
[xciii -
xciv] Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Phyllis Carol (Rogers) Brown 944 Nokomis Ave. S. Venice FL 34285
[xcv]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Robert Brian Stewart stewartr@compuserve.com

[xcvi - xcviii] Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Phyllis Carol (Rogers) Brown; 944 Nokomis Ave S Venice FL 34285
[xcix]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Hans Ling Lidman.Ling@privat.Utfors.se

[c] Herr Eric Biork and Christina Stalcop , daughter of Peter Stalcop, were m. on Oct. 6, 17 02 by Andreas Sandel , who had come from Sweden not long before to succeed his friend Andreas Rudman as pastor at Wicaco (Philadelphia).
[ci - cii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Hans Ling Lidman.Ling@privat.Utfors.se
[ciii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Debbie at debra.street@verizon.net
[civ]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Helen (James) Bingaman 1143 Creek Woods Circle St. Cloud, FL 34772
[cv]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Robert Brian Stewart stewartr@compuserve.com
[cvi]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Helen (James) Bingaman 1143 Creek Woods Circle St. Cloud, FL 34772
[cvii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Robert Brian Stewart stewartr@compuserve.com
[cviii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Helen (James) Bingaman 1143 Creek Woods Circle St. Cloud, FL 34772
[cix] Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Helen (James) Bingaman, A Family Biography
[cx]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Helen (James) Bingaman 1143 Creek Woods Circle St. Cloud, FL 34772
[cxi]
Maria Stalcop  arrived back to New Sweden (present day Wilmington DE) by late 1720 per VANDERVEER pages.
[cxii - cxviii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing H. Bingaman; 1143 Creek Woods Cir. St. Cloud FL
[cxix] Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing  http://www.ericjames.net/html/fam/fam36563.htm
[cxx - cxxiv]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing H. Bingaman; 1143 Creek Woods Cir. St. Cloud FL
[cxxv]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Phyllis Carol ( Rogers ) Brown; 944 Nokomis Ave S Venice FL 34285
[cxxvi]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing H. Bingaman; 1143 Creek Woods Cir. St. Cloud FL
[cxxvii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Phyllis Carol (Rogers) Brown 944 Nokomis Ave. S. Venice FL 34285
[cxxviii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Helen (James) Bingaman 1143 Creek Woods Circle St. Cloud, FL 34772
[cxxix - cxxx]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing H. Bingaman; 1143 Creek Woods Cir. St. Cloud FL
[cxxxi]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing Phyllis Carol ( Rogers ) Brown; 944 Nokomis Ave S Venice FL 34285
[cxxxii - cxxxiii]
Larry E. Baker, of Indiana lebaker@ctlnet.com on 1/7/2003 citing H. Bingaman; 1143 Creek Woods Cir. St. Cloud FL