The Baker Family Gunmakers of Pennsylvania

Samuel Baker

1.1.1.  Samuel Baker , son of John  & Francis (Stephenson) Baker .

During the years of 1717-19, Samuel Baker  worked with his brother, Robert Baker  in Lancaster Co. In 1719 Samuel sold his interests to his brother Robert[i].

Robert Baker

1.1.2.  Robert [James[ii]] Baker , son of John & Francis (Stephenson) Baker [iii], b. 1655, Pennsylvania[iv]; d. 19 Sept 1728[v], Lancaster Co., PA; bur. Lancaster Co., PA[vi]; m 1st ca. 1682 to Miss Unknown ; m 2nd to Susannah Player [vii]/Packer [viii], daughter of Philip  & Ann (Coates) Packer [ix], b. ca. 1688[x]; m 3rd to Miss Unknown.

Robert Baker  settled in the Conestoga Township, Chester Co., PA.  This later became Lancaster Co., PA.  Here he purchased 500 acres of land lying on the Susquehanna River from Col. John   French [xi].  Between 1717-28, Robert & his sons were gunsmith at the confluence of Pequa Creek and the Susquehanna River, Lancaster Co[xii].  Robert Baker and his son, Caleb Baker  paid the taxes on this property from 1719 until 1727[xiii].  It was here that Robert Baker and his sons were gunsmiths.  On 15 Aug 1719, Robert Baker petitioned Jacob Taylor , surveyor for William Penn , for permission to erect a gun-boring mill on Pequea Creek[xiv].  In Feb. 1721, iron ore was found near the site of the Baker land.  Robert & his son sought and received permission to mine the ore for commercial use.  The ore they mined was reduced to bar-stock available to gun manufacturers.  This was the first discovery of ore in the county and predates later gunsmith operations closer to Lancaster

They were commissioned by the King of England to make firearms for the Colonies.  At the time of the Revolution the Bakers joined with the Colonies, against England .

From A Record Of The Baker And Buford Families with Allied Lines by Katherine Baker Johnson , Knoxville, Tennessee, 1940:  In the Proceedings of the Lancaster County Historical Society, Vol. XX - pamphlet No. 7 (September 1916) - are printed the earliest assessment lists for this section, while it was a part of Chester County. It was known as "Conestoga". The first list for 1718 shows no Baker name. It is divided into two parts: " English Inhabitants" and " Dutch Inhabitants", meaning German , Swiss, Etc. 

·         Page 164, Conestoga Rate 1719, assessment Jan. 11, 17 19-20, Robert Baker  & Son --- 46 pounds. Under "Freeman" ---  
·        
page 166 meaning young men of age, not m. to and no land, Caleb Baker  & Samuel Baker .   
·        
Page 167, Conestoga Assessment 1720-21 Robert Baker  & Son --- 50 pounds.   
·        
Page 170, 1721, English Conestoga Assessments --- Robert Baker  & Son --- 31 pounds.   
·        
Page 176, 1722, West Conestoga Assessments --- Robert Baker  & Son --- 40 pounds.   
·        
Page 178, Conestoga Township 1724-25 ---- Robert Baker  & Son --- no amount given, Note, this list is in Ellis & Evans' History of Lancaster Co, PA, p. 21   
·        
Page 186, 1725-26 Conestoga rate --- Robert Baker  & Son --- 7 shillings & 6 pence --- tax,   
·        
Page 188, 1725-27 Conestoga Rate, Robert Baker  & Son --- no amount given. 

The first record we find of Robert Baker  is the administration of his estate dated Sept 13, 17 28. Robert Baker d. without a will and his son Caleb Baker  was appointed administrator of his estate; along with these original papers at the Register's Office at the Court House in Lancaster County is the Administrators Bond; and inventory and the administrator's accounts; the bond was signed by the administrator; Joseph Higginbotham  and Tobias Hendricks , sureties; and witnessed by Douglas Baker  and Joshua Lowe . The inventory enumerates chattels, harvest crops, livestock, and 450 acres of land, this was signed by Tobias Hendricks, David Jones  and Joseph Higginbotham, appraisers. Amount the creditors were the names of Caleb Baker, Robert Baker Jr , and Douglas Baker."

Among the items that were inventoried at the time of his death we find among them the following:

Gunsmith tools, other tools, totaling £295-10-7[xv]

Children of Robert  & Miss (Unknown) Baker  had two (2) children[xvi]:

1.1.1.1.          Robert Baker Jr. [xvii], b. 11 Dec 1686, England or Pennsylvania[xviii]; d. Apr 1759[xix], Prince Edward Co., VA[xx]; m. 1728[xxi] to Mary Thompson , daughter of Rev. John [xxii] & Margaret (Osburne) Thompson .  
1.1.1.2.         
Caleb Baker  Sr.  [xxiii], b. ca. 1690, Lancaster or Lancastershire, England[xxiv]; d. 1754, Amelia[xxv]/Prince Edward Co., VA; m. Mar 1754[xxvi] or 13 Nov 1742[xxvii] to Martha Brook s.

Children of Robert  & Susannah (Unknown) Baker  had twelve (12) children[xxviii]:  

1.1.1.3.          Andrew Baker , b. 1702[xxix]; m. to Mary Mollie Bolling /Bolin [xxx]  
1.1.1.4.         
Sarah May/Mary Baker , b. 1704, Wilkes Co., NC[xxxi]; d. NC[xxxii]; b. NC; d. 1800/01[xxxiii]; m. ca. 1735 to Capt. Thomas Callaway [xxxiv], b. 1700; d. 1800, Wilkes Co., NC at the age of 100.  He served in the French & Indian Wars.  
1.1.1.5.         
James Baker , b. 1705, m. to Mary Thompson [xxxv], daughter of John  & Margaret (Osburne) Thompson [xxxvi].  
1.1.1.6.         
Douglas Baker [xxxvii], b. 1714, Chester Co.[xxxviii] or Lancaster Co., PA[xxxix]; d. 1765, Prince Edward Co., VA[xl]; m. 1744[xli], Prince Edward Co., VA[xlii] to Virginia[xliii] Jane (Jean[xliv]) Thomson [xlix], daughter of Rev. John [l] & Margaret (Osburne) Thompson , b. 1726[li], Sussex Co., DE; She m. 2nd 10 Apr 1767[lii] to William Watson [liii].  
1.1.1.7.         
Samuel Baker [liv], b. 1717[lv] - 1728, PA[lvi]; d. 1757, Mecklenburg Co., NC[lvii]; m. 1749[lviii] m. Elizabeth Thomson , daughter of Rev. John[lix] & Margaret (Osburne) Thompson .
1.1.1.8.         
Miss Baker , m. to Mr. Hill  
1.1.1.9.         
Ester/Easter Baker, m. to possibly George Sheladay [lx].  
1.1.1.10.      
Jane Baker , m. to Mr. Armstrong  
1.1.1.11.      
Mattie Baker , m. to Mr. Davidson  
1.1.1.12.      
Joseph Baker  
1.1.1.13.      
Sheila Baker  
1.1.1.14.      
Mary Baker [lxi], m. to Robert Elliot t[lxii]

Robert Baker  Jr.

1.1.2.1.  Robert Baker  Jr. , son of Robert & Miss (Unknown) Baker , II, b. 11 Dec 1686, England or Pennsylvania[lxiii]; d. Apr 1759, Prince Edward Co., VA[lxiv]; will dated 2 Mar 1759, Prince Edward Co., VA; m. 1728[lxv] to Mary Thompson , daughter of daughter of Rev. John[lxvi] & Margaret (Osburne) Thompson , b. 1715, Sussex Co., Delaware; d. 1761, Prince Edward Co., VA.

Will of Robert Baker Jr.

Robert & Mary (Thompson) Baker  Jr. had three (3) or four (4) children:

1.1.2.1.1.           James Baker  Esq. [1], b. 1729, Pennsylvania ; d. bef. 1800; m. to Miss Blount .  
1.1.2.1.2.          
Eliza Baker , m. to James Anderson ; m 2nd Prince Edward Co., VA[lxvii] to William Baldwin [lxviii].   
1.1.2.1.3.          
Samuel Baker , d. 1757, Rowan Co., NC.  Samuel Baker had four (4) children  
1.1.2.1.4.          
Miss Baker [lxix], m. to James Anderson [lxx]

Caleb Baker  Sr.

1.1.2.2. Caleb Baker  Sr. , son of Robert  & Miss (Unknown) Baker , b. ca. 1690, Lancaster, Pennsylvania[lxxi]; d. bef. 6 Feb 1754[lxxii], Prince Edward Co., VA; will dated 24 Nov 1750[lxxiii], Amelia/Prince Edward Co., VA; bur. Prince Edward Co., VA[lxxiv]; m. 13 Nov 1742[lxxv] to Martha Brook s[lxxvi], b. 1695, Virginia; d. May 1759, Prince Edward Co., VA; will dated 20 Apr 1759.

Caleb Baker , Gunsmith 1719-41, worked with his father, Robert Baker , on the confluence of Pequa [Pequea] Creek and the Susquehanna River, Lancaster Co[lxxvii].   Caleb Baker being part owner of the firearms business and oldest son took over and operated it until 1741, when he sold the 500 acres on which the Baker gun works in Pennsylvania had been located on 4 Jul 1741 to Jacob Good/Godin. 

Following the sale of the property Caleb Beaker  moved his family to Virginia .  “Caleb Baker , and his family removed from Lancaster , Pennsylvania , bought land and settled in what was then called "The Backwoods" in Amelia County , Virginia on Buffalo Creek” [lxxviii].  Around 1740-1741, we find, Caleb & Martha Baker  living in a Scotch-Irish settlement known as, Buffalo Settlement in Prince Edward Co., VA[lxxix].

In Pearce's book, a Caleb Baker  is identified as grandfather to Abner Baker , Sr. (b. at Amelia County Virginia, m. Elizabeth Buford  at Garrard County Kentucky) of Clay County (A Abner Baker appears in the Tax List for Surry Co., NC in 1782). Caleb's name appears as Administrator for Robert Baker , Sr.'s estate.   There is a land patent to Caleb Baker for 304 acres on the south fork of Buffalo River in Amelia County Virginia.   See Patents No.26, 1747-48, p.470[lxxx].

Will of Caleb Baker

Caleb & Martha (Brook) Baker  had eight (8) to twelve (12) children:

1.1.2.2.1.           Samuel Baker , b. ca. 1718, Pennsylvania[lxxxi]; d. 1782, Prince Edward Co., VA[lxxxii]; m 1st Prince Edward Co., VA to Miss Unknown [lxxxiii]; m 2nd to Christian Ritchie [lxxxiv].  He receives 463 acres of land in Amelia Co., VA near Spring Creek in father's will[lxxxv].   He is appointed as one of the executors of his father's will.  
1.1.2.2.2.          
Henry Baker , b. ca. 1720, Pennsylvania [lxxxvi].  He receives 400 acres of land that joined the land given to Samuel, in his father's will[lxxxvii].  He is appointed as one of the executors of his father's will.  He has a cropped off ear.  
1.1.2.2.3.          
Abraham Baker , b. ca. 1722, Pennsylvania [lxxxviii].  He receives 200 acres adjoining that of his brothers, from father's estate[lxxxix].  They moved to South Carolina [xc].
1.1.2.2.4.           Caleb Baker  Jr., b. 1734, possibly Lancaster , England [xci]; d. 1824; m. to Catherine Hodnett [xcii].  He receives 307 acres adjoining that of his brothers from father's estate[xciii];  
1.1.2.2.5.          
Ruth Baker , b. 1736, possibly Lancaster , England , m. to Samuel Johnston [xciv].  She receives 20 pounds current money of Virginia from her father's estate[xcv].
1.1.2.2.6.          
Martha Baker , b. 1728, Chester , Pennsylvania , m. to Charles Ewing . She receives 20 pounds current money of Virginia from her father's estate[xcvi].  
1.1.2.2.7.          
Mary Baker , b. ca. 1730, Bedford Co., VA; d. 25 Jun 1787, Bedford Co., VA; bur. Bedford Co., VA; m. to Robert Ewing  [longhunter][xcvii], b. 1718[xcviii], Ireland[xcix]; d. 1787, VA. She receives 20 pounds current money of Virginia from her father's estate[c].   
1.1.2.2.8.          
Easter/Ester Baker , b. ca. 1716, Prince Edward Co., VA[ci]; d. Cub Creek, Charlotte Co., VA; m. 1739, Amelia/Prince Edward Co., VA to Samuel Wallace , son of Peter  & Elizabeth (Woods) Wallace .

Capt. Andrew Baker  Sr. (Esq.)

1.1.2.3.  Andrew Baker  Sr., son of Robert  & Susannah (Packer) Baker  II, b. ca. 1702–1722[cii], Lancaster Co.[ciii] Pennsylvania[civ]; d. 1804, Prince Edward Co., VA; will dated 3 Jan 1804; m 1st ca. 1753, Grayson Co., VA to Mary "Mollie" Bowling , daughter of Col. Robert & Ann Meriweather (Stith) Bolling , b. 1702, VA; d. 1790, Wilkes Co., North Carolina; m 2nd ca. 1791, possibly in NC to Catherine "Katie" Unknown .  After the death of Andrew, Catherine (unknown) Baker  m 2nd ca. 1810 to the widower, Caleb Baker  Jr. , son of Caleb.  & Martha (Brook) Baker .

Andrew Baker , Sr.  served as a Justice of the Peace of Washington Co., North Carolina (this area is now in Tennessee ).

In the early 1750s Andrew Baker , John Cox , Enoch Osb.  and several other neighboring families in Pennsylvania set out on a westward journey. This journey eventually led them into the Yadkin River Valley , in present day Wilkes County , North Carolina . This small group of Pennsylvanians would be among the first to settle in the area. No white man had ever attempted settlement here before[cv].

He had holdings in the Buffalo Congregational Church Library (Presbyterian), Prince Edward Co., VA.

Some of these people settled along the Yadkin River , others of the more adventurous nature crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains and settled along New River in what is now Ash and Alleghany Counties , North Carolina . No white man had attempted settlement here before. New River was known at the time only by it's Indian name "Saxphaw". It was here, along the south branch, Andrew Baker  made first his home[cvi].

Andrew Baker  remained in the area of New River until about 1753. He then decided to push even deeper into Indian country. He moved down New River into what is now Grayson County , Virginia , very near the North Carolina line. Here Andrew staked out a large track of land he called his "Peach Tree Bottom" track. But the next summer, he and his family were ran out by the Indians. He returned to his prior settlement on New River , where he would remain for the next ten years or so. He did, however, make one other attempt to settle his "Peach Tree Bottom" track.

About 1754, Baker returned approximately ten years later, bringing reinforcements, the Cox, Osborne, and Hashe families. This settlement by Baker and associated families illustrates a typical pattern: "These groups did not move into the public domain in ignorance of their exact location; but rather, like the children of Israel , they sent their Calebs and Joshuas ahead to spy out the land and prepare the way." Certainly Andrew Baker  was a Joshua on the New River frontier. [cvii] 

Andrew Baker  1754. Andrew Baker from Yadkin , North Carolina , one of the first pioneers to claim land on the banks of the New River near the Virginia -- North Carolina border, had an experience parallel to that of Henrich Grob. Driven out by Indians[cviii].

1754. Settlers were moving into the Peach Bottom Tract near the Virginia-Carolina line surveyed for Dr. Thomas Walker , Peter Jefferson  and Thomas and David Meriwether  on March 16, 17 53 as Loyal Company land. Andrew Baker  from the Yadkin is said to have been there in 1754 buying from the Loyal Company but was driven out by Indians.

After his initial essay when he came from the Yadkin Valley in the 1750s but was driven back by the Indians, he returned about 1765 with enough people to make a permanent settlement[cix].

Peach Tree Bottom

His first permanent settlement was in 1765. [cx]  The French and Indian War forced him to leave the area, but he is supposed to have returned about 1765. A study of loose papers at the North Carolina Land Grant Office gives some added information.

This was in 1767 or 1768. This time he encountered another problem. In Andrew's long absence, Dr. Thomas Walker , a surveyor for the Loyal Land Company, had staked and claimed the "Peach Tree Bottom" track, for his employers. He had to now purchase 1000 acres of his original claim before he could resettle on it again. It seems that it just wasn't meant to be. The following year, he was once again forced out by the Indians and back to his old settlement. One might wonder why Andrew was so determined to settle this particular track land. The answer lay in what was on and in the land, more so, than the land itself. For you see, one of the largest iron ore deposits in this area was discovered on this land. I think Andrew Baker , and at least one of his sons, were involved in the Iron business.  His son James Baker  and he built several larger iron furnaces along Cranberry Creek, a tributary of the south branch of New River . The remains of some of these old Iron Furnaces can be seen even today. They were at their peek of production during the Revolutionary War.” [cxi].

The John Cox , Ephraim Osborne  and John Hashe  families accompanied Baker on his return in 1765, Cox settling opposite Baker. George Collins  and George Reeves  from Drury's Bluff below Richmond arrived at Peach Bottom in 1767. Baker soon sold land to Jeremiah Harrison , James Mulkey  and James , John  and Samuel Blevins . The Hashes located where Bridle Creek enters the New. The Osbornes located between Bridle and Saddle Creek opposite the Bakers. [cxii]

·         1755 Andrew Baker  appears as a chain carrier for Marmaduke Kimbrough  in Orange Co. NC.[cxiii]
·        
1755 Andrew Baker  appears in court in September in a petition vs. John Bumpas s [cxiv]

John Bumpas  agt Andrew Baker : Petition: On Petition of John Bumpas against Andrew Baker Defendant for four pounds thirteen shillings and six pence Virginia Money said to be due up on Account.  The dame day came the Plaintiff by his Attorney and the Defendant failing to appear although duly summmon’d and served with a Copy of the Plaintiffs Petition &c account.  The Plaintiff proved his Demand to be just & true by his own Oath.  Therefore Plaintiff recover against the Defendant his Damages aforesaid in form aforesaid and his Costs by him in that behalf expended.  Judgment £4:13:6, Clerk 1:1:11

·         May 16, 17 57 Andrew Baker  appears on a land warrant in Orange Co. NC Little Barton Creek, on south side of Neuse River )[cxv]
·        
1758 Andrew Baker  appears on a list to clear and maintain roads.[cxvi]
·        
1758 Andrew Baker  appears in court in September of 1758 in a case vs. Michael Synnot .[cxvii]

Michael Synnot  agt. Andrew Baker :  Case, And the Defendant by his Attorney Comes and Defends the fource and injury when and whre &c and saith that he did not Assume in manner and form as the Plaintiff against hat Declared and of this he puts himself upon the Country and the Defendant (sic) Likewise Therefore let a Jury come agreeable to act of Assembly to Recognize &c.  The same Day came the Parties by their Attorneys whereupon came also a Jury towit: &c. who being elected trued and sworn the truth to speak upon the issue Joined up their oath do say that the Defendant did assume in manner and form as the Plaintiff against him hath Declared and do assess his Damages to Two pounds Seven Shillings and four pence Proclamation Money therefore it is the Opinion of the Court that the Plaintiff recover against the Defendant his Damages aforesaid in form aforesaid and his Costs by him in that behalf expended.

·         1750-1765 Andrew Baker  settles on a tract of land in what is now Ashe Co. NC along the drains of the New River [cxviii]
·        
June 19, 17 60 Andrew Baker  appears on a land warrant in Orange Co. NC (on a drain of Kemp's Br. , waters of the Neuse )[cxix]
·        
1761. Elisha Lawrence  late of Rowan to Andrew Baker for £32 proclamation money 450A on Grassy Bottom Creek granted by Granville 25 Dec. 1761. 4 March 1763. Jacob Lash , Edwd. Hughes . Rowan Co.[cxx]
·        
March 5, 17 63 Andrew Baker  appears on a land deed (450 acres Elisha Lawrance to Andrew Baker, Rowan County NC ) [cxxi]
·        
176? Doc. Andrew Baker  handles estate of Douglas Baker  dec. in Prince Edward Co. Virginia. [cxxii]
·        
1764 Andrew Baker  appears in Procession returns in Prince Edward Co. Virginia. [cxxiii]
·        
1765 Andrew Baker  returns to his tract of land on the South Fork (of the New River ). [cxxiv]

In 1765 or 1768 Andrew Baker  settled and made an improvement on land under the Loyal Company now in Grayson County . Several years afterwards he sold to Jeremiah Harrison , who also removed to and lived on the land for some time, and sold to James Mulkey , who settled and lived on the land and then sold to James Blevins , father of orator John Blevins , 1772. James then moved to the land, where he resided until his death, in 1801. [cxxv]

John Cox  vs. Newell--O. S. 174; N. S. 62--Similar suit to above. Orator settled in the Loyal Grant in 1765 opposite to Andrew Baker . Enoch Osb.  deposes, 1809, that Cap. Jno. Cox  settled on the Peach Bottom 44 or 45 years ago. George Collins  deposes, 1809, he settled there 41 or 42 years ago. George Reves  deposes, 1809, he moved to the country in 1767. [cxxvi]

·         1777 Andrew Baker  signs Oath of Allegiance in Montgomery Co. Virginia[cxxvii]
·        
1778 Andrew Baker  appears on the 1778 Wilkes Co. Tax List[cxxviii].

The 1778 Wilkes County Tax List indicates some of the settlers west of the crest of the Blue Ridge . It is interesting to note that there were more families in 1782; apparently several families left the area during the Revolutionary War years. (Some of the Tory Families left for more pro-British areas).  The region west of the crest of the Blue Ridge , in 1778, was considered Captain Andrew Baker 's Company. William Colvard  was the justice of the peace for the area. William Ray  was a constable and Daniel Richardson , Andrew Baker Jr. , and William Clay  were appraisers in the southern part of Baker's District. In the Northern District of Baker's Company Micajah Pennington  was the justice of the peace, Benjamin Pennington  served as constable, Beverly Watkins , James Ward  and Abijah Pennington  were the appraisers[cxxix]. Included in the head of households for that part of Wilkes that became Ashe[cxxx]:

CAPT. ANDREW BAKER[cxxxi]
James Baker  [cxxxii]
John Baker [cxxxiii]
Morris Baker  [cxxxiv]
Robert Baker  [cxxxv]

·         1779 Andrew Baker  appears on a roster list for Isaac Ruddles Fort in Bourbon Co. Kentucky.[cxxxvi]
·        
1779 Andrew Baker  in Prince Edward County VA [cxxxvii]

By 1779, when Ashe developed into 2 militia districts, political power appeared to be resolving around 2 locations: one in southern Ashe in the area of Boone with Andrew Baker , a justice of the county court and Captain of the Militia, the political leader: and the second in the northern district centered around Penington’s Mill (located on Grassy Creek just south of the Virginia border) with Micajah Penington  , a justice and Captain of the Militia, the political leader of this area. Both Micajah Penington’s and Andrew Baker’s roles in power were short-lived. It is believed the Penington’s were Quakers and were not considered ardent enough Whigs. In Sept. 1799 Micajah’s estate, along with a number of friends, was considered confiscated, although there is no evidence it was ever sold. In a list concerning the status of several justices (prepared by Benjamin Cleveland , Colonel of the Militia, on Oct. 6th, 1781) only William Colvard  was acting in his capacity as Justice of Ashe Co. George Morris  had resigned; James Tompkins  refused to qualify; Thomas Elledge , Abner Smalley  and Micajah Penington were listed as Tories; and Andrew Baker was reputed to have taken protection of the enemy. It is not known how accurate Cleveland ’s judgement was concerning these people. Andrew Baker was appointed a road overseer in June 1782, and about a decade later both Penington and Baker were Justices and Penington was also a Captain of the Militia. [cxxxviii]

·         1780 Andrew Baker  and James Baker  witnesses for the will of Richard Burton  ( Wilkes County , NC )[cxxxix]
·        
1780 Andrew Baker  files an entry for a tract of land referred to his " former survey " and his " old survey ". This land lies in what is now Ashe Co., NC[cxl]

1780. 3 April, Andrew Baker  made an entry for a tract of land on the South Fork, which was surveyed a week later. In these papers, reference is made to "the line of his former survey" and to his "old survey." In most instances where I find these notations in land entries and surveys made between 1778 and 1781, it indicates the grantee was in the process of obtaining a deed form the Granville Land Office when it closed in March 1763. [cxli]

On April 3, 17 80 Andrew Baker  made an entry for a tract of land on the South Fork, which was surveyed a week later. In these papers, reference is made to " the line of his former survey " and to his " old survey ". Since it is known that entries were being made for land just to the south (in the McDowell Co. area) in early 1763, there is every reason to believe that Andrew Baker had returned to the New River once the threat of Indians had abated. [cxlii]

·         1781 From Colonial Records Andrew Baker  appears in Wilkes Co. NC in Vannoys District[cxliii]
·        
1782 Andrew Baker  appointed a road overseer in Wilkes Co.[cxliv]
·        
1787 Andrew Baker  appears in the North Carolina state census of 1784-87 Capt. Nathaniel Vannoy 's District)[cxlv]
·        
29 Jul 1789 – Andrew Baker  gives his oath on a deed between Edward Cross  and John Dick [cxlvi].

In 1790 James Newel  made an entry on the lands. George Reves  deposes that Andrew Baker  was the first settler on the land, in 1768. Copy of survey of 1,000 (4,400?) acres (known as the Peach Bottom) surveyed for Peter Jefferson , Thomas and David Meriwether , and Thos. Walker , 16th March, 1753. Many valuable entries, plats and surveys.[cxlvii]

Ø       25 Jan 1791 – Andrew Baker  buys 320 acres from William Rutledge [cxlviii].
Ø      
1792 Andrew Baker  appointed a justice in Wilkes Co.[cxlix]
Ø      
30 Oct 1792 – Juror in the matters of[cl]:
Ø      
Mark Harden  vs. Thomas Robins  
Ø      
Robert Nall  vs. Joshua Coffey  
Ø      
Job Cole  vs. William Kilby  
Ø      
31 Oct 1792 – Juror in the matters of[cli]:
Ø      
William Carlos  (?) vs. Thomas Robins  
Ø      
Zepheniah Horton  vs. William Alford  
Ø      
State vs. James Gray  & William Willcoxon  
Ø      
31 Oct 1792 – Suspended as overseer of road that leads up Lewis Fork[clii].
Ø      
21 Jul 1793 – Ord. To view road from Jarvis Smith s Iron Works on Redis River to Benjamin Howards [cliii].
Ø      
1794 Andrew Baker  testifies in a land dispute between Joseph Couch , Benjamin Cleveland  and Larkin Cleveland .[cliv]
Ø      
7 May 1794 – sold 97 acres to John Yates [clv].
Ø      
2 Feb 1795 – gave oath on deed between Josiah Sarten  & Robert Sheppard [clvi].
Ø      
4 Aug 1796 – sold 315 acres to John Gray [clvii].

March 11, 17 68 Andrew Baker  and wife Susannah  appear on a land deed (450 acres to James Sheppard  , Rowan County NC [clviii]   [1768. Andrew Baker & wife Susannah  to James Sheppard for £140 proc. 450A on Grassy Bottom Creek. 11 March. 1768. Tarrut Gross , Jacob Loesch. Linn , Rowan County Deed Abstracts Volume II, 1762-1772, p. 97[clix].I think this Andrew Baker and wife Susannah has to be accounted for and so far I have never seen her in any of the accounts of Andrew Baker. Here are several more references. [clx]  Names appearing on entries for land grants as actual occupants of land: Susanna Baker  - Mouth of Roans Creek - 23 Oct 1782 Morris Baker  - South Fork of New River - 25 Dec 1779 NCGSJ, (Feb. 1984):17. [clxi]]

John Cox  vs. Newell--O. S. 174; N. S. 62--Similar suit to above. Orator settled in the Loyal Grant in 1765 opposite to Andrew Baker . Enoch Osb.  deposes, 1809, that Cap. Jno. Cox  settled on the Peach Bottom 44 or 45 years ago. George Collins  deposes, 1809, he settled there 41 or 42 years ago. George Reves  deposes, 1809, he moved to the country in 1767. [clxii]

The John Cox , Ephraim Osborne  and John Hashe  families accompanied Baker on his return in 1765, Cox settling opposite Baker. George Collins  and George Reeves  from Drury's Bluff below Richmond arrived at Peach Bottom in 1767. Baker soon sold land to Jeremiah Harrison , James Mulkey  and James , John  and Samuel Blevins . The Hashes located where Bridle Creek enters the New. The Osbornes located between Bridle and Saddle Creek opposite the Bakers. [clxiii]

John Cox  son of Joshua  and Mary Rankin Cox  of McDowell's Mill near present Fort Loudoun, Penn. had been captured by the Delawares on Feb. 11, 17 56, with brother Richard  and John Craig .... with brother David came to upper New in 1765. David settled at Cox's Ford ten miles from Grayson Courthouse and John later moved to North Carolina to his "Roundabout" at the mouth of Cranberry Creek of the New's South Fork. In 1778 the Coxes built the first Peach Bottom Fort at the mouth of Peach Bottom overlooking the river[clxiv].

In his will, Andrew speaks of his plantation and lays out plans for his slaves to be hired out to work - for employers of their choosing - for a period of six years during which they will be paid wages that they will receive at the end of that time.  They are then to be set free and set to the Northwest Territory .

Will of Andrew Baker, Sr.

Andrew  & Mary (Bowling) Baker  had eleven (11[clxv]) possibly sixteen (16[clxvi]) children:

1.1.2.3.1.           Rev. Andrew Baker , b. 1749, Montgomery or Grayson Co.[clxvii], VA; d. 23 Apr 1815, Lee Co., VA; m. to Elizabeth Avant , daughter of Peter & Amy (Massey)  Avant.  
1.1.2.3.2.          
John Renta[clxviii] Baker[clxix] O, b. 7 Oct 1735[clxx], Ashe Co., NC[clxxi]; d. 1820[clxxii], Clay Co., KY; bur. Chowan, NC; m 1st to Aza Williams ; m 2nd 1754 to Elizabeth Terrill , daughter of James Nimrod Terill , b. 1743, Chowan Co., NC; d. 1830, Chowan Co., NC.  A longhunter.  Around 1765 he traveled with Benjamin Cutbrith  on a tour to the West of the Mississippi River .   He served during the Revolutionary War[clxxiii].   
1.1.2.3.3.          
Joseph Baker , b. ca. 1751[clxxiv], Orange Co., NC; d. 1838[clxxv], Garrard Co., KY; m. Wythe Co., VA to Elizabeth Alford [clxxvi].   
1.1.2.3.4.          
Richard Baker [clxxvii], [according to Mrs. L. B. Cox Jr. , Ozona, Texas [clxxviii]], b. 1753[clxxix]; d. 1778[clxxx]; m. to Mary Mullins [clxxxi].  
1.1.2.3.5.          
George F. Baker , b. 14 Oct 1759, Granville Co., NC; d. 13 May 1841, Morgan Co., Indiana[clxxxii]; m. 1778 to Susanna Morris [clxxxiii].  
1.1.2.3.6.          
Elijah Baker [clxxxiv], b. 1742, Luenburg Co., VA; d. 6 Nov 1798, at the residence of Dr. Lemon [clxxxv], Salisbury, Maryland; m. to Sarah Copeland [clxxxvi].  He was a Baptist Preacher[clxxxvii].  
1.1.2.3.7.          
Leonard Baker [clxxxviii], b. 1741[clxxxix]; d. Living in 1789 at time of his brother’s death[cxc] a Baptist Preacher[cxci]  
1.1.2.3.8.          
James Baker , b. 1751[cxcii]; d. 1784[cxciii]; m. probably to Mary Mullins .  
1.1.2.3.9.          
Bolling/Bowling Baker [cxciv]O, b. 1763, Wilkes Co.[cxcv], NC; 1794[cxcvi]; m 1st to Martha "Patsy" Morris , b. 1753[cxcvii]; m 2nd to Aracoma Cornstalk [cxcviii].  He served during the Revolutionary War[cxcix].    
1.1.2.3.10.       
Cuthbert Baker [cc], b. 1746[cci]; d. 1747[ccii].  
1.1.2.3.11.       
Abendego Baker [cciii], b. 1741[cciv]; d. 1774[ccv]; m. to Miss Floyd [ccvi].  
1.1.2.3.12.       
Robert Baker [ccvii] - only found at this source.  
1.1.2.3.13.       
Samuel Baker [ccviii]- only found at this source.  
1.1.2.3.14.       
William Baker [ccix]- only found at this source.  
1.1.2.3.15.       
Martha Baker [ccx], b. 1761[ccxi]; d. 1789[ccxii]; m. to Justice Bolling [ccxiii]. - only found at this source.  
1.1.2.3.16.       
Nellie “Ellie” Eleanor Baker [ccxiv], b. 9 Dec 1765[ccxv]; d. 20 Dec 1842[ccxvi]. - only found at this source.

Theses children are believed to be those of James  & Miss (Blount) Baker , although many sources attribute them to Andrew & Mary (Bowling) Baker .    For further information on them see James & Miss (Blount) Baker family.

(1.1.2.1.1.1.)     Morris Baker , b. 1750, Wilkes Co., NC; d. bet 1812-1818, Grayson Co., VA; m. to Jane 'Patsey' Smith  
(1.1.2.1.1.2.)     Eleanor [Nellie/Ellender] Baker , b. 24 Dec 1765, Wilkes Co., VA; d. 22 Dec 1842, Ashe Co., NC; m. 8 Jan 1782, Wilkes Co., NC to Jesse Ray , b. 1760, Amherst Co., VA.
(1.1.2.1.1.10.)   Martha Patsy Baker
[ccxvii], m. 8 Jan 1782 to Justice Bowlin/Bolling [ccxviii].

Sarah May Baker

1.1.2.4.  Sarah May/Mary Baker , daughter of Robert & Susannah (Packer) Baker , b. 1704, Wilkes Co., NC[ccxix]; d. NC[ccxx]; b. NC; d. 1800/01[ccxxi]; m 1st ca. 1735 to Capt. Thomas Callaway [ccxxii], b. 1700; d. 1800, Wilkes Co., NC at the age of 100.  He served in the French & Indian Wars. Thomas Callaway  m 2nd to Miss Elliott . 

Sarah May (Baker) Callaway  names Andrew Baker  and Cuthbrith Baker  as her nephews in her will

In the Draper Manuscripts on micro-film (roll 12, series DD, item #51) there is a letter from Dr. James Calloway  (son of Elijah and gr.son of Thomas) to Lyman C. Draper  dated Aug. 1845. Dr. James C. Calloway  says "Capt. Thos. Calloway  m. to about the year 1735, Mary Baker ; in N.C. Mary Baker  was aunt of Rev. Andrew Baker .

Thomas  & Sarah Mary/May (Baker) Callaway  had twelve (12) or thirteen (13) children[ccxxiii]:

1.1.2.4.1.           Mary Callaway , m. to James M. Nye  
1.1.2.4.2.          
Elijah Callaway  
1.1.2.4.3.          
Shadrack Callaway  
1.1.2.4.4.          
John Callaway  
1.1.2.4.5.          
Carey Callaway  
1.1.2.4.6.          
Thomas Callaway  
1.1.2.4.7.          
Elizabeth Callaway , d. aft 1808, South Carolina  
1.1.2.4.8.          
Richard Callaway  
1.1.2.4.9.          
James Callaway  
1.1.2.4.10.       
Charles Callaway , b. bef. 1746  
1.1.2.4.11.       
William Callaway , b. bef. 1755, Ashe Co., NC; d. aft 1800  
1.1.2.4.12.       
Joseph Callaway , b. bef. 1755, Ashe Co., NC; d. bef. 1830, Callaway Co., Missouri  
1.1.2.4.13.       
Frances Callaway , b. bef. 1755; d. 12 Nov 1851.

Douglas Baker

1.1.2.6.  Douglas Baker [ccxxiv], son of Robert  & Susannah (Packer) Baker , b. 1714, Chester Co.[ccxxv] or Lancaster Co., PA[ccxxvi]; d. 1765; will dated 16 Feb 1765, Prince Edward Co., VA[ccxxvii]; m. 1744[ccxxviii], Prince Edward Co., VA[ccxxix] to Virginia[ccxxx] Jane (Jean[ccxxxi]) Thomson /Thompson , daughter of Rev. John [ccxxxvi] & Margaret (Osburne) Thompson , b. 1726[ccxxxvii], Lewes, Sussex Co., Delaware; d. 1762, Prince Edward Co., VA.  Virginia Jane (Thomson) Baker  m. 2nd 10 Apr 1767[ccxxxviii] to William Watson [ccxxxix]. [This information appears to be in conflict with itself.  I’m guessing that either the death date is incorrect, perhaps my own typo, or there was no 2nd marriage. JPS 01/04]

Will of Douglas Baker

Douglas  & Jane (Thompson) Baker  had eleven (11) children[ccxl]:

1.1.2.6.1.           Jean (Jane[ccxli]) Baker , b. ca. 1749; m. to John Armstrong , d. 1813[ccxlii] Rogersville , TN [ccxliii].  
1.1.2.6.2.          
Marcy Baker , shown, as Marthew in his will. [m. to either John Graham  or John Finley [ccxliv]]  
1.1.2.6.3.          
Robert Baker [ccxlv], d. ca. 1773-1774[ccxlvi]; m. to Margaret Graham [ccxlvii]  
1.1.2.6.4.          
Esther Baker , b. aft 1739; m. to George Shilladay  
1.1.2.6.5.          
Douglas Baker , b. ca. 1743; d. 1778, Prince Edward Co., VA; m. to Mary Elliott [ccxlviii], daughter of Robert  & Mary (Baker) Elliott [ccxlix].   
1.1.2.6.6.          
Samuel Baker , b. ca. 1748; d. 1802; m. to (Mary[ccl]) Anne Armstrong  
1.1.2.6.7.          
Jane Baker , b. ca. 1750, Prince Edward Co., VA; m. 1770 to Mr. Unknown . [m. to either John Graham  or John Finley [ccli]]  
1.1.2.6.8.          
Martha Baker , b. ca. 1751; m. to William Davidson .  
1.1.2.6.9.          
Andrew Baker  Sr., b. ca. 1741; d. aft Jan 1804 – bef. 1811[cclii]; m. 1764 to Catherine Baker .  Even though he had no issue he was still referred to as Sr.[ccliii].
1.1.2.6.10.       
Joshua Baker , b. ca. 1745; d. 1776 – Jan 1777[ccliv]; m. to Hannah Smith  
1.1.2.6.11.       
Joseph Baker , b. ca. 1753; m. to Hannah Unknown

Samuel Baker

1.1.2.7.  Samuel Baker , son of Robert  & Susannah (Player/Packer) Baker, b. 1728, Chester Co.[cclv], PA[cclvi]; d. 1757, Rowan Co., NC[cclvii]; m. 1749[cclviii], Prince Edward Co., VA to Elizabeth Thomson [cclix], daughter of Rev. John[cclx]  & Margaret (Osburne) Thompson , b. ca. 1732[cclxi], Pennsylvania[cclxii]; d. 1776.  Elizabeth Baker  m 2nd North Carolina [cclxiii] to Charles Harris .

PS-the Samuel  that m. to Eliz Thomson  abt 1745 d. 1757 and was originally buried at Baker cemetery with his father in law-John Thomson who d. 1755 (at the home of his daughter Elizabeth (Thomson)(Baker) Harris [cclxiv]. The remains of this cemetery were moved to Mooresville NC when they made Lake Norman in early 1960's and moved to Centre Presbyterian church cemetery in back left corner-have pictures of plate telling about Rev Thomson .

History states that Samuel Baker  was of the Penn. and Va Baker family. He married to the daughter of Rev. Thompson  a Presbyterian Minister also from Penn. Samuel Baker  settled on Davidson Creek, about five miles from Beatties Ford, Rowan Co, NC Samuel Baker's Will is recorded in Salisbury, NC dated 1758; in which he names four children all under age. John, Mary, Robert & Margaret[cclxv].

Samuel Baker  operated a public mill on Davidson's Creek in the Yadkin Valley in 1753.  He came from either Chester County or the Susquehanna Valley in Pennsylvania .[cclxvi]

Samuel  & Elizabeth (Thompson) Baker  had six (6) children:

1.1.2.7.1.           Unknown Baker  
1.1.2.7.2.          
Margaret Baker  
1.1.2.7.3.          
Mary Baker , m. to Robert Elliot t.  Child:  Mary Elliott , m. to Douglas Baker , son of Douglas Baker[cclxvii].  
1.1.2.7.4.          
John Baker  
1.1.2.7.5.          
Robert Baker , b. bef. 1755, Rowan Co., NC; d. aft. May 1809, Logan Co., KY; m. to Sarah Unknown  
1.1.2.7.6.          
Nancy Baker [cclxviii], m. to Joseph Morton [cclxix].  Joseph & Nancy (Baker) Morton  had five (5) children[cclxx].

Miss Baker

1.1.2.8.  Miss Baker , daughter of Robert & Susannah (Packer) Baker , m. to Mr. Hill . 

Mr. & Miss (Baker) Hill  had a son:

1.1.2.8.1.  John Hill [cclxxi] received  £20 of current Virginia money in the will of Robert Baker Jr.

Easter/Ester Baker

1.1.2.9.  Easter/Ester Baker , daughter of Robert.  & Susannah (Packer) Baker , m. to Mr. Sheladay  (possibly George [cclxxii]). 

Other spellings of the last name of this family:  Sheladay, Shilliday, Shiliday

Mr. & Ester (Baker) Sheladay  had two (2) children:

1.1.2.9.1.           Ester/Easter Sheladay

1.1.2.9.2.           Andrew Baker  Shilliday

Joseph Baker

1.1.2.11.  Joseph Baker , son of Robert & Susannah (Packer) Baker .

Joseph Baker  had a son:

1.1.2.11.1.        Andrew Baker

Sheila Baker

1.1.2.12.  Sheila Baker , daughter of Robert  & Susannah (Packer) Baker , m. to Mr. Thompson . 

Mr.  & Sheila (Baker) Thompson  had a daughter:

1.1.2.1.3.1.  Jane Thompson


[Baker Page 3] [Baker Page 4] [Baker Page 5]

ENDNOTES for the section