A number of Baker researchers have noted that Robert Baker
and his sons were gunsmiths in
· Baker, Caleb[i], 1719-41, Gunsmith, worked with his father, Robert Baker , on the confluence of Pequa [Pequea] Creek and the Susquehanna River, Lancaster Co.
· Baker, Robert[ii] (d. 1728), 1717-28, gunsmith at the confluence of Pequa Creek and the Susquehanna River, Lancaster Co.
· Baker, Samuel[iii]. 1717-19, worked with his brother, Robert Baker , Lancaster Co. In 1719 Robert bought out Samuel's interests.
his father before him were gunsmiths, credited with inventing the Baker Long
Robert Baker being the first man in recorded history to
design and manufacture the
Baker Long R
“…a report given to the
One source states
that the boys of this family were made to fill the bullets for the Revolutionary
War. Even though they were not for
all studies of the Pennsylvania-Kentucky long rifle assume this distinctively
American rifle was invented in
his brother Robert Baker
Robert Baker's son, Caleb
, were among the
first if not the first gunsmiths in
has been theorized by some researchers Robert Baker
appearance of Robert Baker
in the Colonies in 1717 may have been actually been his return.
Robert returned with a grant to make guns for the Colonies. This is why
some other researchers think Robert Baker was the first of this line to come to
1717 Robert Baker
on 500 acres of land on the Susquehanna River in
15 August 1719, Robert Baker
, Surveyor, with
permission from William Penn
; lay out a site for
erection of a gun mill[ix].
In February 1721 iron ore was found near the site of the Baker tract[x].
This land was located on mile from the junction of Pequea Creek and the
April or early in May, 1722, Philip Syng
surveyed by his order and to his use two Hundreds acres of land upon the west
bank of the
the Bakers would join the Colonies against
an example of a later
This is before
· The early patents deeds and other conveyances of land before 1729 are, of course, in the possession of the modern owners of the lands included in them[xiii].
· The assessment lists of this county began in 1718. Those now in existence extend from 1718 to 1726. These list were in the dark recesses of the basement of the Chester County Court House until 1879, when Gilbert Cope rescued them and much other valuable early history, just as the County Commissioners were about to sell them to the waste paper man to "raise money for cigars,” The lists include only Conestoga, Donegal and Pequea Townships[xiv].
The lists that have been copied do not seem to contain all of the
names of the male adults living here at the time. Then, too, for a year or
two several names disappear and again appear in later years. It seems
certain that a number of persons living on the extreme outskirts were missed in
taking lists. Then too, a number
lived across the Sesquehanna, and were not taken into account because they were
not ascertainable: and because
· There are some seventy names on the naturalization list of those who came over prior to 1718. This shows the lists are not complete. Some of the names, however, do appear on the assessment of 1719 and other later lists[xvi].
Freeman[xviii] (single men, were all valued at 9 shillings each) 1719-20 Caleb Baker Samuel Baker
Assessment book for the year 1723-24[xxii] is missing.
Robert Baker and Son (no assessment value listed) (also listed for the first time, John Postlethwait )
John Thompson *** (first time he is listed)
Robert Baker and Son 7 pounds 6 Pence
Robert Baker and Son 7 pounds
shown by Official Letters, etc., of the Time
By David M. Landis
1710: In the
August 15, 1719
Dear Brother, (meaning Isaac Taylor )
Whereas Robert Baker a smith of this town has bought Colonel French's land on Sesquehanna and Pequea, he tells me that being minded to build a mill on Pequea for boring logs that he needs an addition of two or three perches of ground on a corner of Pequea next to the barrens (as he describes it) which he may be obliged with by paying thee for running the line.
hy loving brother
Dec. 12, 1719
Isaac Taylor , Loving Friend:
.............I wish we had one hour conference to settle some of these matters. I am puzzled about thy meeting Colonel French.
Reference to the map aforesaid will show that Col. French originally seccured tracts 48 and 56. This originally was one large tract and extened from the
Esteemed friend, these inform thee yet there is come into this Province from
August 24, 1728
My Good Cousin, (
I suppose you know much better than I how far your dear father proposed to accommodate John Baker the gunsmith on Conestoga and Samuel Taylor in the manner of locating land for him. Baker and Samuel complain of delays.
In the map before referred to, it will be seen that tract # 28 is marked Kaleb Baker . It is lower down that the mouth of Conestoga Creek[xxx].
I am sending off for two different maps of this area. I hope Robert and Kaleb will appear on these maps. This is all on the Baker's from the papers I ordered. I am going to order more but they will be dated after 1735. Here are some interesting things about this land and people who were involved is this area.
This is one of the earliest references to iron ore in Conestoga of which there is any record. The Indians rumored that ore was to be found there however in 1707. Then too under date of May 31, 1723, in a letter from John Churchman and Arthur Barrett there is mention made of valuable mines in the barrens[xxxi].
1915 the Lancaster County Historical Society erected a marker were Postlethwaite
Tavern Stood in which the First Courts of Justice were held in
Page 278 has: Over toward Pequea Creek, near Susquehanna,
were Peter Kline
, Peter Creamer
, Francis Norley
, Joseph Rebman
. (Note that most
Page 284 - The speaker referred to the 1721 assessment
list and the English on the list included Robert Baker
Excerpts from a letter to Mrs. Katherine Baker Johnson
, February 14, 1940,
written by Lettie M. Bausman
, Record Searcher:
is believed that this "Mine" is where the ore came from to make
Baker guns. – Ran Raider
 In a file on FTM, Robert Baker was m. to a Prene, Prence, Price, Pries or Priest
 Pare is close to the other names.
 NOTE: this is 2 years after the death of Robert Baker of Chester Co., who m. to Susannah Packer .
 Colonel John French , in 1718, was a "Non-resident but land owner.
Whisker, James B. Arms Makers of
[ii] Whisker, James B. Arms Makers of
[iii] Whisker, James B. Arms Makers of
[iv] Wilkes US GenWeb Page; Early Settlement in the New River Valley of North Carolina, an oral presentation by William Doub Bennett; History and Genealogies of Old Granville Co; Oranges Co. Deed
[v] “Good Bakers – Bad Bakers” by
[vi] I need to add this in some of my very old records that a Frances Jones had written to my Grandfather Edward McNary back in the 1950's stating that these boys of this family was made to fill the bullets for the Revolutionary War. Even though they were not for
[vii] Excerpts from GUNSMITHS OF
[viii] Volume VI - No. 1 "The Baker Family of Gunsmiths In Lancaster County, 1717 - 1754", compiled and documented by S. E. Dyke,
[x] From Pattie Greer file
[xi] Colonial Families of
[xii] I have heard that a Baker rifle was found at the
[xiii] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xiv] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xv] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xvi] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xvii] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xviii] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xix] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xx] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xxi] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xxii] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xxiii] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xxiv] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xxv] Assessment List And Other Documents Of
[xxvi] The Awakening And The Early Progress Of The Pequea, Conestoga And Other
[xxvii] The Awakening And The Early Progress Of The Pequea, Conestoga And Other
[xxviii] The Awakening And The Early Progress Of The Pequea, Conestoga And Other
[xxix] The Awakening And The Early Progress Of The Pequea, Conestoga And Other
[xxx] The Awakening And The Early Progress Of The Pequea, Conestoga And Other
[xxxi] Willy Konieczny [firstname.lastname@example.org]